All California cities and counties are required to plan for decent housing regardless of income level. However, only a small proportion of the planned housing is actually built.
Through a process called the Local Housing Needs Assessment (RHNA), the state’s housing department and government’s local councils assign home production targets to every city and county in the state every five or eight years.
For the fourth year in a row, the Southern California News Group produced a report card comparing the number of building permits issued to state-mandated housing targets.
Local governments must draft housing plans to meet the state’s housing goals and ensure there is adequate zoning to facilitate housing development for the following four income categories:
- Very low income (less than 50% of the regional median income)
- Low-income earners (those earning between 51% and 80% of the median income in the region)
- Moderate income (people earning 81-120% of the regional median income)
- Medium or above income (those earning at least 121% of the regional median income)
They are supposed to submit annual progress reports to the California Department of Housing, but not all of them do. , which is the basis for SCNG’s modern report cards.
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Jurisdictions are evaluated according to how far along they are on the current RHNA cycle and how close they are on track to achieving their goals. For Southern California Government Association (or SCAG) jurisdictions, the latest RHNA cycle ended on October 15, 2021. For the Bay Area Government Association (or ABAG), the latest RHNA cycle ends on January 31st. .
Grades for each category:
- 100% or better on track = A / 4 points
- 75-99% on track = B / 3 points
- 50-74% on track = C / 2 points
- 1-49% on track = D / 1 point
- 0 units built = F / 0 points
- Overall grade does not include categories without housing goals
Extra credit was given for demonstrating improvement and prioritizing the most needed and difficulty.
- Jurisdictions received a 0.5 point bonus for not being fully on track in a category, an improvement of at least 25 percentage points from 2020.
- Jurisdictions received a 1 point bonus for being at least 90% on track in each low income category and a 0.5 point bonus for being at least 90% on track in the medium category .
- Jurisdictions that were asked to increase their housing stock by at least 10% during the most recent RHNA cycle are eligible to earn up to 2 bonus points using a formula based on their overall increase and target achievement.
The overall rating is calculated by summing the category scores and bonus points and dividing by the number of categories with housing goals (not necessarily four). The grade point average corresponds to grades for the following letters:
- A+ = 4.33 or higher
- A = 4-4.32
- A- = 3.67-3.99
- B+ = 3.33-3.66
- B = 3-3.32
- B- = 2.67-2.99
- C+ = 2.33-2.66
- C = 2-2.32
- C- = 1.67-1.99
- D+ = 1.33-1.66
- D = 1-1.32
- D- = 0.67-0.99
- F = less than 0.67
https://www.ocregister.com/2023/01/17/housing-scorecard-grades-breakdown/ Housing Scorecard Performance Breakdown – Orange County Register