How does gambling affect urban economies?

Casino gambling is rapidly gaining popularity in wide circles, especially in the United States. Over the past decade, the casino business has grown at an average annual rate of nine per cent and revenues of 10 billion dollars. This is achieved through both extensive factors (increasing the number of players and establishments) and an intensive component such as advertising and publicity.

History of the casino business

Some of the oldest casinos are located in Nevada and Atlantic City, New Jersey. They have endured both ups and downs before becoming full-fledged entertainment complexes. The American population discovered that by creating casinos they could increase their prospects of economic independence.

Over the past seven years numerous states have legalized various forms of private casino gaming and additional states are ready to do so. This growth is expected to continue as governments look for additional ways to raise revenues and competitive pressures on the gaming industry spread.

How do casinos work from the inside?

Casinos are the most popular area of gambling. Almost every state now allows some form of gambling activity, including lotteries, betting and bingo.

Measuring the impact of casino card games is difficult because its proliferation is a relatively recent phenomenon. Any substantial Ex-Post analysis (an accounting calculation introduced by the Swedish economist T. Myrdal) must draw on the experience of Nevada and Atlantic City, where casinos have existed for more than two decades.

However, the scale and uniqueness of these places make it difficult to extrapolate their experience to other places. This makes the task of determining the impact of casinos on urban economies much more difficult.

Job growth

In times of economic success, casinos tend to increase their need for additional labor. The casino industry is unlike any other. It offers higher wages than typical neighboring businesses. People who start out as dealers can grow into managers or similar management positions.

Statistics and research

A study conducted by Grinols found that in the US the government is better off supporting the gambling industry in terms of economic benefits. The Vulkan casino online industry is a young industry, which can expect significant turbulence from competitive pressures in the next few years.

This is because neighboring states such as Mexico and Canada also have gambling establishments. Therefore, US residents will go there and gamble. This will significantly reduce the profits of the US as it will go to the neighboring countries. Since gamblers will still gamble, it is economically beneficial for the government to allow and support casino business.

Another study compared the personal income of citizens with their own spending on gambling. It was found that the attraction to casinos emerges regardless of what the economic situation in the country is at a given time.

In the early 1990s, recession GGR (Gross Gambling Revenue) increased by 9.4 % even though it reduced personal income of citizens by 5.95 %. This shows the resilience of the gambling industry to the effects of economic recessions.


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