Many facilities, such as schools, hospitals and workplaces, reduce the availability of sugar-sweetened beverages to combat health problems such as weight gain, diabetes and heart disease. But for some people, a sales ban that removes temptation from the workplace may not be enough.
Sweet drinks make up 34% of the sugar added to the American diet and are for those who are hungry or obsessive. Sweet drink, According to a new survey released on March 29, strong intervention may be required in addition to a workplace ban. Behavioral Science Annual Report..
2015, University of California, San Francisco, Soda, Sports, Energy drink, Fruit flavored drinks that are not 100% fruit juices, “fruit drinks” such as sweetened tea and coffee.
Since then, a team of UCSF interdisciplinary researchers have studied the effects of the ban.
From the beginning, researchers knew that some people needed stronger interventions, and conducted “multi-level” interventions by adding individual motivational sessions in addition to changes in the environment. ..
Before the ban began, participants reported their consumption of sweet drinks and why they drank it-whether it was a response to stress, a pleasant taste, or a strong craving. Whether it is for.
Half of the UCSF employee sample was randomized to attend a 10-minute meeting with trained medical professionals. Experts provided a brief counseling intervention and a follow-up call to discuss the disability. The session included education on the effects of sugar on sweet drinks and the risk of liver and illness, and setting goals to stop or reduce.
Researchers contacted participants six months later to reassess their consumption of the same type of drink.
As reported in JAMA Internal MedicineThe ban also reduced overall sample consumption by 45%, and the sample also showed a reduction in abdominal steatosis.However, the participants who reported Drinking Sweet drinks from a strong thirst did not benefit from the ban alone. However, if they also received brief intervention, they reduced consumption by about 19 ounces per day. Drinking for stress and enjoyment was reportedly not associated with the results of this study.
“This is amazing,” said Dr. Ashley Mason, lead author, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and a member of the UCSF Weil Neurosciences Research Foundation. “If we can identify who may benefit from such a concise and simple intervention, we can significantly reduce the amount of sugar that heavy drinkers actually consume.”
Professor Elissa Epel, a senior author in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, has studied the effects of obsessive-compulsive and emotional diets on metabolic health.
“The ability to impact metabolic health just by banning the entire facility is very exciting. However, one size is not enough for all, and for many, sweet drinks are a hard-to-break compulsory habit. It has become. ” Epel is a member of the Weil Neurosciences Research Foundation at the University of California, San Francisco. “But with light-touch motivational interventions, many have changed their daily habits. Any reduction in sugar-sweetened beverages makes sense, and for this high-risk group, they are great. Reported a decrease. ”
Robert Lustig, an emeritus professor of pediatrics and research doctor, said: We know how difficult it is to get rid of sugar addiction, but this study shows that it is still achievable when both personal and social interventions work together. “
Laura Schmidt, co-PI of the study, professor of health policy at UCSF, and expert on food policy interventions, said: With a strong sugar craving.Support for those who are about to quit intervention It may not be enough on its own, but rather it can be very helpful to use a sales ban to remove temptation from the workplace. ”
Ashley E Mason et al. Simple motivational interventions discriminately reduce the consumption of sugared beverages (SSBs). Behavioral Medicine Annual Report (2021). DOI: 10.1093 / abm / kaaa123
University of California, San Francisco
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