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Why the world needs a Bill of Rights on AI

Immediately after the US Constitution was ratified, the Bill of Rights added certain guarantees regarding freedom of expression and assembly, and the right to a fair trial. It aims to put restrictions on the authority of the newly created government.This is the precedent they called by the Biden White House scientific adviser Propose a new Bill of Rights It aims to protect citizens in the face of innovative technologies in artificial intelligence.It’s a good initiative, but it should Expand globally, Not just Americans.

If the concept of the new Bill of Rights seems grand, consider the context. Since World War II, international and domestic protection of basic rights, as well as protection against abuse and discrimination by governments and businesses, has made great strides. However, these are intended for human actors.

For the first time, decisions essential to human well-being have been made partially or entirely by machines, from job seekers to creditworthiness, medical procedures and prison decisions. And it turns out that algorithmic decision-making is surprisingly error-prone and bias-prone. Face recognition technology has the potential to combat darker skin tones. What the machine learns is influenced by the prejudices of the person programming the machine and the partial dataset given to the machine.

When things go wrong, it can be difficult to find someone to take responsibility for.In the UK this month, a former black Uber driver whose account was disabled because automatic face scanning software repeatedly failed to recognize him. Start a claim At the employment referee.

Therefore, the first task of the AI ​​Bill of Rights is to strengthen existing protections for the AI ​​world. This should be applied to algorithmic decision making in legal or life-changing areas. And it extends to data and privacy, and you need to know what data is retained, how the information is used, and enshrine the individual’s right to transfer data between providers.

AI decisions should be “explainable” rather than emerging from an immeasurable black box. The bill should guarantee the individual’s right to know when the algorithm is making decisions about them, how it works, and what data is being used. The right to challenge the decision and obtain remedies should be guaranteed. Some human or corporate responsibility must be maintained, and managers are responsible for error or defective decisions made by the supervising system, as well as by human staff.

But AI turns into a malicious government new function Snooping, managing, and potentially forcing citizens. The bill must specify which technologies are permitted and the basic rules for their use.

The American Bill of Rights initiative lags behind what Europe is doing. The EU General Data Protection Regulation already includes the right of citizens not to submit without agreeing to a decision “based solely on automated processing,” which has not been widely enforced. The proposed AI method outlines the risk hierarchy of technologies subject to various safeguards. Some such as “social scoring” — in China Social credit Systems aimed at assessing behavior and credibility are prohibited.

The Biden administration must accept the EU’s invitation to cooperate with AI issues. However, as the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 provides for universal protection of basic human rights, the Global AI Charter has its benefits. Some countries choose to go further. Other countries like China may refuse the application.But, like the Cold War, good protection of human rights against intrusive AI can now be a moral point. Differentiation, And leverage for democracy.

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