Health

Where and when violent crime rates fall, heart disease deaths fall, too

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In addition to keeping city residents safer where they live, work, and play, a new study of data from Chicago shows that while violent crime is declining, so is the region’s death toll from heart disease. This study, published in Journal of the American Heart Association from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, show the profound impact that violence can have not only on the people involved, but also on society as a whole.

“It’s important to acknowledge the impact of the environment built on health,” said study co-author Lauren Eberly, MD, a clinical fellow in cardiology and a fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute. “Explain to violent crimes has been described as an important social factor for cardiovascular health in the largest context of the ways in which racism affects health. “

Data from the last 15 years of data obtained from Chicago, 2000-2014, cover a whole, significant reduction in violent crime. Across the city, the decline was 16 percent, and coincided with a 13 percent reduction in heart disease. mortal.

But when researchers looked at neighborhood level numbers, they found that a sharp decline in violent crime appeared to be related to a significant reduction. heart disease-related to mortality, and. For example, the subdivisions with the highest reduction in violent crime accounted for an average reduction of 59 percent, which is associated with a decrease of almost 15 percent in heart disease deaths. Even in areas with the lowest change in violent crime (10 percent reduction), heart disease deaths decreased by more than 11 percent.

That the death toll has decreased slightly while violent crime has decreased.

“Because the areas of the community that have experienced the lowest crime rates, have also seen the least improvement in cardiovascular mortality, the differences in pre-existing mortality rates between neighborhoods in the city are likely to worsen. time, especially with the increasing crime rate in the United States. “While these results represent a single capital city, a U.S. city that cannot be compared to other cities, we suspect that these results may reflect many of the country’s major cities,” Eberly said.

Research shows that violent crime is linked to inequality in areas where people of color live. While the study by Eberly and her colleagues did not regularly review the ethnicity of the areas surveyed, this previous experience suggests that the research findings are significant.

“We hope that, given these results, people will consider the causes of the violence,” Eberly said. “We must accept the legacy of racist policies and practices that have led to serious harm and crime in Black and other racial and ethnic areas. Policies must be implemented to address the health consequences of racism. and the constitution. discrimination. “

One of the research partners, Eugenia South, MD, an assistant professor of Emergency Medicine and director of the Penn Urban Health Lab, conducted clinical trials around community activities aimed at improving public health. -and reduce violence. These include add green space same to you repairing low-rise housing structures.

“Based on our new findings, such an impact on heart health is providing additional care,” Eberly said.

Data from 2000 to 2014 is the latest set available for a full review. Since then, violent crime has increased, in Chicago and in many areas across the country. While Eberly could not say for sure because of the lack of data in recent years, Eberly said it is possible these increases and translate into an increase in cardiovascular death.

The study also did not divide violent crime into different categories. In cities like Philadelphia, gun crime has increased since the outbreak.

“It is possible that different types of crime in neighborhoods may have different links to public health, which requires further investigation,” said the study’s lead author, Sameed Khatana, MD, assistant professor of cardiology. “Even the violence number of crimes in a neighborhood it is a sign of heart health, rather than a specific cause of heart death, an increase of any kind of violence. fault “It’s worrying because it could identify areas where residents are particularly vulnerable to heart disease in the coming years.”


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Learn more:
An association between community-level violence crimes and cardiovascular mortality in a Chicago-based long-term study, Journal of the American Heart Association (2022).

hint: Where and when the number of violent crimes fell, heart disease cases fell, and (2022, July 14) were recovered 14 July 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-07-violent-crime- fall-heart-disease. html

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Where and when violent crime rates fall, heart disease deaths fall, too Source link Where and when violent crime rates fall, heart disease deaths fall, too

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