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Tonga eruption blasted enough water to fill 58,000 Olympic pools

One of the most powerful earthquakes on the planet has released such a large amount of water vapor into the atmosphere that it may have clouded the surface of the earth for a while, according to the research by the NASA satellite. Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai. The volcano erupted on January 15, 40 miles north of the capital Tonga, causing a tsunami and sonic boom that shook the world – twice. The explosion sent water vapor high into the stratosphere, which is between 8. and 33 miles above the Earth’s surface. It’s enough water to fill 58,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools, according to a NASA satellite survey. It was discovered by the Microwave Limb Sounder on NASA’s Aura satellite. The satellite measures water vapor, ozone and other gases. After the explosion occurred, scientists were surprised by the water vapor readings. They estimate that the explosion released 146 teragrams of water into the stratosphere. One teragram is equal to one trillion grams, and in this case, it is equal to 10% of the water that already exists in the stratosphere. This is about four times the amount of water vapor that reached the stratosphere after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991. Philippines. A new study on water vapor was published in July in the Geophysical Research Letters. similar,” said study author Luis Millán, an atmospheric scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, in a statement. “We have to carefully check all the parameters in the tap water to make sure they are safe.” Earth Monitoring The Microwave Limb Sounder instrument can measure microwave signals from the Earth’s atmosphere and detect them even through thick clouds.” MLS was. the only instrument with sufficient coverage to capture water vapor such as how it happened, and who was not affected by the ash of the volcano,” said Millán. The Aura satellite was launched in 2004 and has been around ever since. measured two volcanic eruptions that raised water vapor very high into the atmosphere. But water vapor from the 2008 Kasatochi event in Alaska and the 2015 Calbuco eruption in Chile dissipated quickly. Typically, powerful volcanic eruptions such as Mount Pinatubo or the 1883 Krakatoa event in Indonesia cool the Earth’s climate due to the gas, dust and ash they spew. it reflects sunlight to the sky. This “volcanic winter” occurred after the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815, which led to the “year without summer” in 1816. The Tonga eruption was notable for the water vapor it sent into the atmosphere. the sky can trap heat, which can cause heat on the surface. The excess water source can remain in the stratosphere for decades, according to the researchers. More water vapor in the stratosphere can cause chemical reactions that temporarily contribute to the depletion of the Earth’s protective ozone layer. Video below: Tonga’s suspected oil spill. Spills in PeruAnatomy of an Eruption Fortunately, the warming of the water vapor environment is expected to be small and temporary, and will disappear as more vapor subsides. The researchers do not believe that it will be enough to worsen the current situation due to the climate crisis. The researchers believe that the main reason for the high water vapor is due to the caldera’s depth of 490 feet under the sea. If it is too deep, the depth of the ocean will kill the eruption, and if it is not too deep, the temperature of the ocean water and the erupting magma will not be equal to what reached the scale, the researchers said. understand the explosion of unusual energy and all the things beyond it, including the force of hurricanes that reach the universe.

One of the most powerful storms on the planet has released such a large amount of water vapor in the atmosphere that it will be possible for a while to dominate the atmosphere of the world, according to the research done by the NASA satellite.

When the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano erupted on January 15, 40 miles north of Tonga’s capital, it created a tsunami and a sonic boom that shook the world – twice.

The explosion sent a plume of water vapor into the stratosphere, which is between 8 and 33 miles above the Earth’s surface. It’s enough water to fill 58,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools, according to a NASA satellite survey.

The object was detected by the Microwave Limb Sounder on NASA’s Aura satellite. The satellite measures water vapor, ozone and other gases. After the eruption, scientists were surprised by the water vapor readings.

They estimate that the eruption delivered 146 teragrams of water to the estuary. One teragram equals one trillion grams, and in this case, equals 10% of the water that already exists in the stratosphere.

This is almost four times the amount of water vapor that reached the summit after the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines.

A new study on water vapor research published in July a Geophysical Survey Letters.

“We’ve never seen anything like it,” study author Luis Millán, an atmospheric scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, said in a statement. “We have to carefully check all the parameters in the tap water to make sure they are safe.”

Monitoring the World

The Microwave Limb Sounder instrument can measure microwave signals from Earth’s atmosphere and detect them even through thick clouds.

“MLS is the only instrument that has enough coverage to capture the water vapor as it occurs, and it is the only one that is not affected by the ash released by the volcano,” said Millán.

The Aura satellite launched in 2004 and since then has measured only two volcanic eruptions that have spewed large amounts of water vapor into space. But water vapor from the 2008 Kasatochi event in Alaska and the 2015 Calbuco eruption in Chile quickly dissipated.

Typically, powerful volcanic eruptions such as Mount Pinatubo or the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in Indonesia cool the Earth’s temperature because the gases, dust and ash they emit reflect sunlight into space. This “volcanic winter” happened after the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815, which caused the “year without spring” in 1816.

The Tonga eruption is unique because the water vapor it sent into the atmosphere can trap heat, which can create heat at the surface. Water vapor can remain in the stratosphere for decades, according to the researchers.

The addition of water vapor in the stratosphere can also cause chemical reactions that temporarily contribute to the reduction in atmospheric pressure.

Video below: Tonga volcano suspected of oil spill in Peru

Anatomy of an eruption

Fortunately, the warming effect of water vapor is expected to be small and temporary, and will disappear as the additional vapor subsides. The researchers do not believe that it will be enough to worsen the current situation due to the climate crisis.

The researchers believe that the main reason for the rise of water vapor is due to the depth of the caldera which is 490 feet below the ocean floor.

If the ocean is too deep to extinguish the eruption, and if it is too deep, the temperature of the ocean water and the rising magma will not be the same as that which reaches the vent, the researchers said.

Scientists are still working to understand this unusual burst of energy and all its components, including hurricane-force winds that reach space.

Tonga eruption blasted enough water to fill 58,000 Olympic pools Source link Tonga eruption blasted enough water to fill 58,000 Olympic pools

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