Health

The economic burden of PTSD is ‘staggering’

A study by Drs. Led by Lori Davis of the Tuscaloosa VA sheds light on how PTSD affects not only veterans and active soldiers, but civilians, as well. Credit: Mike Harris

A new study has found that the economic burden of PTSD exceeds direct health care costs and exceeds the cost of other common mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression.

The researchers estimated the cost of PTSD at $ 232.2 billion for 2018, the new year data obtained during the study. They called for more awareness about PTSD, more effective therapiesand expand evidence-based strategies to “significantly reduce the clinical and economic burden” of this mental health condition.

The results appear online inside Journal of Clinical Psychiatry on April 25, 2022.

“The annual economic burden of $ 232 billion in PTSD in the United States demonstrated in this study is staggering and creates an urgent need for both public and private stakeholders to work together. to find new and better treatments, reduce stigma, improve access to current treatment, and expand evidence – a source of recovery and rehabilitation programs, ”the researchers wrote.

Dr. Lori Davis, chief research officer at Tuscaloosa Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Alabama, led the study. She and her team used insurance claims, education literature, and government literature to estimate the value of PTSD in U.S. civilian and military populations. The latter groups include active duty veterans and veterans.

Understanding the complex nature of posttraumatic stress disorder, more commonly known as PTSD, is one of the major challenges of the VA. The commission said many of the veterans who fought in Vietnam, the Gulf War, and the post-September 11 conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan experienced this mental health condition at some point in their lives.

Symptoms of PTSD are well documented: relapse wound through pornography and dreams; Avoid being reminded of something scary; changes in thoughts and feelings, such as guilt and sadness; insomnia; and violence.

In the study, the researchers shed light on how PTSD affects not only the elderly, but also civilians, as well. The research team found that civilians accounted for 82% of the total cost of PTSD, compared to 18% of the general population. This division is based on the fact that the civilian population exceeds that of veterans and veterans. Although PTSD is more common in the military, the proportion of civilians with PTSD is still higher than the number of seniors with this condition.

Davis and her colleagues noted that more research is needed on PTSD and treatment to address the growing population with PTSD, calling the issue a “fast-growing social responsibility.”

“There is also a need for an effective access to quality medicines, especially for people who are in a difficult economic situation,” she said.

“Most congressional research and responses to PTSD have focused on the number of people suffering from conflict due to the prevailing conditions among the military population,” the researchers wrote. “However, the military population accounts for a small percentage of the U.S. population with PTSD.

“With the increasing number of national and international events, including COVID-19, civil unrest, and climate change, there is concern about the increase in PTSD and the burden on civilians. Therefore, the current estimate of inflation is likely to be negligible considering such recent events in the world, which are unpredictable and can lead to serious consequences. “

Although civilians accounted for more than three times the total cost of PTSD, the annual cost to civilians with PTSD ($ 18,640) was lower than that in the military population ($ 25,684). In the civilian population, direct health care and unemployment take into account economic burdens, while disability and the cost of direct health care contribute to the burden on the military. Non-direct medical expenses such as paying for the disabled are higher in the military, according to Davis. Expanding support services for PTSD patients is over and could address the development of disability and the crisis of unemployment veteransshe said.

The researchers also found that women represent 66% and 74% of the total population with PTSD, respectively, and therefore make a negative contribution to lower prices. Research has shown that women with trauma show higher symptoms of PTSD than men with trauma. In addition, injuries such as abuse same to you domestic violence they affect women more than men and represent important areas for prevention and treatment.

The study noted that it is important economic burden of PTSD sheds light on “urgent and incomplete” needs to treat and rehabilitate people suffering from the disease.

“Experts agree that there is a long-standing controversy in the development of pharmaceutical drugs for the treatment of PTSD, as no FDA approved drug for PTSD has been approved since two market representatives were approved 20 years ago, “the researchers wrote. “In addition, there is a lack of evidence regarding the potential impact of psychotherapy and psychotherapy and the interaction between the two on outcomes affecting patients, such as quality of life, well-being, relationships, and professional activities. ‘a. often neglected in economic calculations is the price for anthropology that is not covered under health plans, which represents a large pocket. [expense] for someone with PTSD, as shown in the current study. “

What does all this mean to get PTSD prices under control in the future?

“It is important to remember that we have a significant cure for PTSD,” said Dr. Paula Schnurr, executive director of the VA Center for PTSD Management. “One possible outcome of this study is that increasing the number of treatments can reduce not only the burden on individuals but also the economic cost to society as a whole.”


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Learn more:
Lori L. Davis et al, The Economist of the American Cancer Society from Public Opinion, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (2022). DOI: 10.4088 / JCP.21m14116

Veterans Affairs Communication Network

hintReview: The ‘amazing’ PTSD economic burden (2022, April 25) was retrieved 25 April 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-04-economic-burden-ptsd-staggering.html

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