The prevalence of child abuse in emergency departments decreased during the COVID-19 disaster, according to a new study by UC Davis Health. But researchers believe the decline may indicate a lower level of trust and abuse as children attend school online.
“When the world closed, families lost access to resources and children had little contact with adults outside their homes. As ‘culture’ disappeared, deep anxiety and isolation seemed to be set to escalate. child abuse“said Julia Magaña, an assistant professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine and author of the study who sought to understand the effects of COVID-19. epidemic it was on the child’s body insult.
About 1 in 7 children have experienced abuse or neglect in the past year in the United States according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Conflicts around the world, such as epidemics, can increase the risk of physical harm. Thus, the early stages of COVID-19 infection caused safety concerns for children due to disruption of daily activities.
“However, there are more resources as well – families are together, possibly with more dependent caregivers, some day-to-day problems have been eliminated, and there is expansion in many government programs. So, we “We want to see whether it is physical. Violence has increased or decreased during a disaster as measured by the combination of health,” Magaña said.
Magaña teamed up with colleagues from the Center for Pediatric Emergency Medicine Research (PECARN) to conduct this research.
The study, published in the journal Pediatriciansee over 1.5 million emergency departments found in nine children’s hospitals.
The team identified abuse in three ways: physical examination for children in any age group, restricted risk of serious injury, or screening for age-related skeletal examination. The primary outcome is a combination of daily value and clinical severity before (January 2018-March 2020) and COVID-19 disease time (April 2020-March 2021).
“Severe encounter is an important issue because, for the less serious still about injuries, looking health care “Social interactions are probably the most effective,” Magaña said.
In three methods, they found nearly 10,000 relevant combinations. The incidence of total physical abuse among all age groups, per day, decreased by 19% during the disaster. This reduction was seen in children aged 2–13 at school, but less so for younger children under two years of age and older children over 13 years of age.
To be combined with high-risk age-related trauma, the study found a 10% reduction in the incidence of the disease across the census. In addition, this reduction was in the lowest (minimum) cases of abuse and not in the worst cases. Finally, there was no reduction in the total number of skeletal study numbers, although there was a reduction in the small number of combinations identified by this method — without any significant change.
Overall, the data collected showed that physical abuse was significantly reduced in all three types of research while the severity of physical abuse remained unchanged.
“Based on our findings, abuse may occur more frequently during a disaster due to additional resources available to families or other undisclosed safety precautions,” Magaña said. “However, it is possible that abuse may continue on a regular basis or even more, but it has not been identified and authorized journalists have not reported it. School staff are the source of common reporting, and it is easy to imagine that these interactions were different at the time. epidemic, especially with boko haram. “
The group believes that more research is needed to determine whether the disease changes have caused a significant reduction in children’s cognitive decline. physical abuse.
Barbara H. Chaiyachati et al, Department of Urgent Statistics of Child Abuse During COVID-19: A Case Study, Pediatrician (2022). DOI: 10.1542 / peds.2022-056284
hintThe study found a shortage of reports of child abuse during the COVID-19 disaster (2022, July 13) retrieved 13 July 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-07-child-physical-abuse-covid -pandemic.html
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