San Diego’s General Atomics ships first piece of world’s most powerful magnet to France

The first of seven modules, which form a key element of international efforts aimed at realizing the vast potential of fusion energy, were shipped abroad from the San Diego region. ..

General Atomics Manufactures and tests fragments of what constitutes the central solenoid (the most powerful magnet in the world) to be inserted into a mammoth ITER Fusion ProjectUnder construction near the town of Cadarache in southern France.

The ITER project hopes to make great strides in the development of fusion energy. Fusion energy is a technology that its proponents say can provide the world with virtually inexhaustible clean electricity.

NS The first module left a 60,000 square foot warehouse and General Atomics Magnetic Technologies Center At Poway in June. It was then transported to the Houston Ship Channel via a specially manufactured transport truck for two weeks, across the Atlantic Ocean to Marseille, France, and arrived on July 25.

The £ 250,000 module will complete its journey to ITER (pronounced “Eater”) via another specially designed truck next month.

“This is a really big milestone in the US ITER project.” James Van Damme, Department of Fusion Energy Science, US Department of Energy At an event held at Poway Warehouse on Tuesday, he spoke in a video featuring remarks from energy officials and elected representatives.

The second module will be loaded on Friday, heading to Houston and following the same path to France as the first module.

“I don’t want to say it’s routine because it’s not routine, but I’m confident that the plans we’ve implemented will work,” he said. John Smith, Director of Engineering and Projects at General Atomics..

John Smith, director of engineering and projects at General Atomics, points out the second module to be shipped overseas for the ITER fusion project. Overall, the six modules make up the central solenoid at the heart of the international fusion project.

(General Atomics)

Overall, seven modules will be shipped from Poway to France. The six will eventually be stacked on top of each other and placed in the center of the ITER project, allowing approximately 45,000 amps of electricity to flow through the central solenoid. The seventh module acts as a spare in case one of the other modules has a problem.

Each 7-foot-high and 14-foot-diameter module is surrounded by a 3.6-mile conductor segment with six layers of insulating tape totaling over 180 miles.

The central solenoid is designed to generate a strong magnetic field that steers and forms a very hot energy-generating plasma that looks like a cloud. Fusion occurs when the hydrogen plasma reaches 150 million degrees Celsius (more than 300 million degrees Fahrenheit).

Its temperature is 10 times hotter than the center of the sun.

ITER is not a power plant. Rather, it is a research project that aims to pave the way for the development of facilities that can generate electricity using nuclear fusion.In fact, no commercial plant has ever been built, and fusion power is Very short period in the laboratory..

A coalition of 35 countries provides ITER with components and expertise. As part of that contribution, Japan delivered a superconductor with a steel jacket of approximately 26 miles in a general atomic module.

The ITER site, located on approximately 445 acres of land, has been under construction since 2010 and is approximately 75 percent complete. The first test of plasma is set for 2025.

In May 2021, the ITER fusion project was built outside the town of Carda Rush in France.

In May 2021, the ITER fusion project was built outside the town of Carda Rush in France.

(ITER organization / EJF rich)

Fusion is different from the fission process found in commercial nuclear power plants, such as the currently closed San Onofre nuclear power plant. Fission divides nuclei to generate force, and fusion causes hydrogen nuclei to collide and fuse with helium atoms, releasing large amounts of energy.

Fusion has led to the development of hydrogen bombs, and since the 1950s scientists and researchers have sought ways to use fusion as a source of electricity.

Proponents believe that fusion could be an ideal source of energy, as the deuterium fuel needed is readily available from seawater and its only by-product is helium. Fusion does not emit greenhouse gases.

“This will change the world,” said Van Damme.

However, fusion has slander.Skeptics say fusion as a practical power source Always 30 years ahead.. Some question whether fusion can be used as a practical energy source, while others question it. Environmental groups oppose nuclear power Of all types.

The cost of the ITER project was expected to be around $ 7 billion, but recent estimates suggest that it could eventually cost. 10 times higher, Some critics say the price tag is Divert resources from other energy projects..

In May, ITER Executive Director Bernard Bigot gave a media briefing due to the complexity of the global supply chain associated with COVID-19. Projects face higher costs and test delays.. Bigot didn’t elaborate, but told reporters that he would provide a detailed assessment by the end of the year.

According to Smith, General Atomics has not experienced any pandemic-related delays in working with modules.

U.S. contributions make up about 9% of ITER’s costs, but the U.S. will have access to 100% of project data and intellectual property to help develop future fusion programs and power plants. Is proved.

Originally, ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor But in recent years, organizers have tried to separate the name from thermonuclear weapons since the project. Does not produce fissile material It was needed to make an explosive. Instead, they now prefer to emphasize the Latin word “iter,” which means “road.”

San Diego’s General Atomics ships first piece of world’s most powerful magnet to France Source link San Diego’s General Atomics ships first piece of world’s most powerful magnet to France

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