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Russia to drop out of International Space Station after 2024

Bidiyo mai alaka da ke sama: Jirgin Boeing na Starliner ya fara yin nasara ba tare da wani mutum ba zuwa ISS da kuma baya Rasha za ta fice daga tashar sararin samaniya ta kasa da kasa bayan 2024 tare da mai da hankali kan gina mashigar sararin samaniyar ta, in ji sabon shugaban sararin samaniyar kasar a ranar Talata a cikin tashin hankali tsakanin Moscow da Yamma. Sanarwar, ko da yake ba zato ba tsammani, ta jefa ayar tambaya game da makomar tashar sararin samaniyar mai shekaru 24, inda masana ke cewa zai yi matukar wahala – “mafarki mai ban tsoro,” ta hanyar yin la’akari – don ci gaba da gudana. ba tare da Rashawa ba. NASA da abokan huldar ta sun yi fatan ci gaba da aiki da shi har zuwa shekarar 2030.” An yanke shawarar barin tashar bayan 2024,” Yuri Borisov, wanda aka nada a wannan watan don jagorantar hukumar binciken sararin samaniya ta Rasha, Roscosmos, ya fada a wata ganawa da shugaba Vladimir Putin. . Ya kara da cewa: “Ina tsammanin zuwa wannan lokacin za mu fara kafa tashar da za ta kewaya Rasha.” Tashar sararin samaniyar ta kasance wata alama ce ta hadin gwiwar kasa da kasa bayan yakin cacar baka da sunan kimiyya amma yanzu ya zama daya daga cikin bangarorin hadin gwiwa na karshe. Tsakanin Amurka da Kremlin.NASA dai ba ta da wani karin bayani kan wannan batu.Sanarwar Borisov ta sake jaddada furucin da jami’an sararin samaniyar Rasha suka yi a baya game da aniyar Moscow na barin tashar ta sararin samaniya bayan shekara ta 2024 lokacin da shirye-shiryen kasa da kasa na yanzu suka kawo karshe.Jami’an Rasha sun dade suna magana kan sha’awarsu. don kaddamar da tashar sararin samaniyar kasar ta kanta kuma sun koka da cewa lalacewa da tsagewar tashar sararin samaniyar ta kasa da kasa na yin illa ga tsaro kuma zai iya yin wahala wajen tsawaita rayuwar sa. Kudaden kuma na iya zama wani abu: Tare da kamfanin SpaceX na Elon Musk yanzu ya tashi sama da NASA. zuwa kuma daga tashar sararin samaniya, Hukumar Kula da Sararin Samaniya ta Rasha ta yi asarar babbar hanyar samun kudin shiga. Shekaru da yawa, NASA tana biyan dubun-dubatar daloli a kowace kujera don hawa zuwa ko tashi daga tashar a cikin roka na Soyuz na Rasha. Bidiyon da ke sama: SpaceX Dragon ya yi nasarar doki a ISS Sanarwar Rasha ta tabbata ta tayar da hasashe cewa wani bangare ne na yunkurin Moscow don samun sassauci daga takunkumin da kasashen yamma suka kakabawa rikicin Ukraine. Magabacin Borisov, Dmitry Rogozin, ya fada a watan da ya gabata cewa, Moscow za ta iya shiga tattaunawa kan yiwuwar tsawaita ayyukan tashar ne kawai idan Amurka ta dage takunkumin da ta kakabawa masana’antun sararin samaniya na Rasha. Tashar sararin samaniyar na da hadin gwiwar Rasha, Amurka, Turai, Japan da Kanada. An sanya yanki na farko a cikin kewayawa a cikin 1998, kuma ana ci gaba da zama a wurin har kusan shekaru 22. Ana amfani da shi don gudanar da bincike na kimiyya a cikin sifili nauyi da kuma gwada fasaha don tafiya zuwa duniyar wata da Mars a nan gaba. Yawanci yana da ma’aikata bakwai, waɗanda ke shafe watanni a lokaci guda a cikin tashar yayin da yake kewayawa kimanin mil 260 a saman duniya. Rashawa uku, Amurkawa uku da dan Italiya daya yanzu suna cikin jirgin. Katafaren ginin da ya kai dala biliyan 100, wanda ya kai kusan filin wasan kwallon kafa, ya kunshi manyan sassa biyu, daya na Rasha, daya na Amurka da sauran kasashe. . Ba a dai fayyace abin da za a yi wa bangaren Rasha na rukunin ba don ci gaba da gudanar da tashar ta sararin samaniya lafiya da zarar Moscow ta janye.Tsohon dan sama jannatin NASA Scott Kelly, wanda ya shafe kwanaki 340 na ci gaba da tafiya a tashar sararin samaniyar kasa da kasa a shekarar 2015 da 2016. , ya ce kalaman na Rasha “zai iya zama kawai mafi bluster,” lura da cewa “bayan 2024” ne m da kuma bude-karshen. “in ji shi. “Haɗin kai da ƙasashen yamma kuma yana nuna wasu haƙƙin haƙƙin wasu ƙasashe, waɗanda ba sa ga maciji da juna da kuma jama’arsu, wanda Putin ke buƙata yayin da yaƙin Ukraine ya lalata amincinsa.” Tsohon dan sama jannatin Kanada Chris Hadfield ya wallafa a shafinsa na twitter a martanin sanarwar: “Ka tuna. “Wasan da ya fi kyau a Rasha shi ne dara.” Kelly ya ce tsarin da aka yi na tashar zai yi wahala amma ba zai yiwu ba ga sauran kasashen da suka rage idan Rasha ta janye. Chicago, ta ce kalaman na Rasha “ba ta da kyau ga makomar ISS,” ta kara da cewa “yana haifar da tarin rashin tabbas game da kula da tashar da ba ta da amsoshi masu sauki.” “Mene ne barin” zai kasance? ” Ya tambaya. “Shin kosnonauts na ƙarshe za su kwance Soyuz ɗin su dawo duniya, su bar samfuran da aka gina a Rasha? Shin za su sa su zama marasa aiki kafin su tafi? Shin NASA da abokanta na duniya za su yi shawarwari don siyan su kuma su ci gaba da amfani da su? Modules har ma ana kiyaye su ba tare da sanin Rasha ba?” Bimm ya ce a bisa ka’ida, yana yiwuwa a ci gaba da ci gaba da gudanar da tashar bayan da Rasha ta ba da belin, amma “a zahiri yana iya zama mafarki mai ban tsoro dangane da yadda Rasha ke son yin hakan ga NASA kuma sauran abokan zamansa.” Ya ce, idan har sassan Rasha na tashar sun ware ne ko kuma ba su iya aiki ba, matsalar da za a fuskanta nan da nan ita ce yadda za a bunkasa hadaddun lokaci-lokaci don ci gaba da kewayanta, in ji shi. Kumbon Rasha da ya isa tashar dauke da kaya da ma’aikatansa ana amfani da su ne don taimakawa wajen daidaita tashar da kuma daga sararin samaniyar ta.Scott Pace, darektan cibiyar manufofin sararin samaniya ta Jami’ar George Washington, ya ce sauran abubuwan da za a tattauna sun hada da maye gurbin hanyoyin sadarwa na kasa da Moscow ke samarwa.Ya ce. “Har ila yau, abin jira a gani shi ne ko Rasha za ta iya harbawa da kuma kula da nasu tashar tasha mai zaman kanta.” Rasha ba ta yi wani kokari na ganin ta samar da tashar sararin samaniyar ta ba, kuma aikin ya bayyana. A halin yanzu da ake fama da rikici a Ukraine da kuma takunkumin da kasashen yamma suka kakabawa kasar Rasha ta takaita amfani da fasahar kasashen yammacin duniya.Tun kafin ci gaban tashar sararin samaniya ta kasa da kasa, Soviets – sannan kuma Rasha – suna da tashoshin sararin samaniya da dama, ciki har da Mir. . Haka kuma Amurka tana da Skylab.John Logsdon, wanda ya kafa kuma tsohon darektan Cibiyar Jami’ar George Washington, ya ce NASA ta samu lokaci mai yawa na shirye-shiryen janyewar Rasha, saboda barazanar da ke fitowa daga Moscow, kuma za ta yi watsi da aikinta idan Ba a yi tunanin hakan ba tsawon shekaru da yawa. “Wani madadin shi ne bayyana nasara tare da tashar tare da yin amfani da wannan a matsayin uzuri don cire shi da kuma sanya kudaden a bincike,” in ji shi, ya kara da cewa: “Kimarta ta siyasa a bayyane take. ya ƙi tsawon lokaci.”

Bidiyo mai alaƙa da ke sama: Boeing’s Starliner ya fara yin nasara marar matuƙar manufa zuwa ISS da baya

Rasha za ta fice daga tashar sararin samaniyar kasa da kasa bayan shekara ta 2024, ta kuma mai da hankali kan gina mashigar sararin samaniyar tata, in ji sabon shugaban sararin samaniyar kasar a jiya Talata, a daidai lokacin da ake ci gaba da takun saka tsakanin Moscow da kasashen Yamma dangane da fadan da ake yi a Ukraine.

Sanarwar, duk da cewa ba zato ba tsammani, tana jefa ayar tambaya game da makomar tashar sararin samaniyar mai shekaru 24, tare da masana suna cewa zai yi matukar wahala – “mafarki mai ban tsoro,” ta hanyar yin la’akari – don ci gaba da gudana ba tare da Rashawa ba. NASA da abokan huldar ta sun yi fatan ci gaba da sarrafa ta har zuwa shekarar 2030.

“An yanke shawarar barin tashar bayan 2024,” Yuri Borisov, wanda aka nada a wannan watan don jagorantar hukumar kula da sararin samaniya ta Rasha, Roscosmos, ya fada a wata ganawa da shugaba Vladimir Putin. Ya kara da cewa: “Ina tsammanin zuwa wannan lokacin za mu fara kafa tashar kewayawa ta Rasha.”

Tashar sararin samaniyar ta dade tana zama wata alama ta hadin gwiwa ta kasa da kasa bayan yakin cacar baka da sunan kimiyya amma yanzu ya zama daya daga cikin bangarorin hadin gwiwa na karshe tsakanin Amurka da Kremlin.

NASA ba ta da wani sharhi kai tsaye.

Sanarwar ta Borisov ta sake tabbatar da sanarwar da jami’an sararin samaniyar Rasha suka yi a baya game da aniyar Moscow na ficewa daga tashar sararin samaniyar bayan shekarar 2024 lokacin da shirye-shiryen kasa da kasa na yanzu suka kawo karshen aikinta.

Jami’an Rasha dai sun dade suna magana game da sha’awarsu ta harba tashar sararin samaniyar kasar, kuma sun koka da yadda tsofuwar tashar sararin samaniyar ta kasa da kasa ke kawo cikas ga tsaro kuma zai iya yin wahala a tsawaita rayuwarta.

Har ila yau, farashi na iya zama wani abu: Tare da kamfanin Elon Musk na SpaceX yanzu ya tashi ‘yan sama jannati NASA zuwa kuma daga tashar sararin samaniya, Hukumar Kula da Sararin Samaniya ta Rasha ta yi asarar babbar hanyar samun kudin shiga. Shekaru da dama, NASA tana biyan dubun-dubatar daloli a kowace kujera don hawa zuwa ko tashi daga tashar a cikin rokoki na Soyuz na Rasha.

Bidiyon da ke sama: SpaceX Dragon ya yi nasarar tsayawa a ISS

Sanarwar da Rasha ta fitar na da tabbas za ta tayar da hankulan jama’a cewa, wani bangare ne na yunkurin Moscow na samun sassauci daga takunkumin da kasashen yamma suka kakaba mata kan rikicin Ukraine. Shugaban Borisov, Dmitry Rogozin, ya fada a watan da ya gabata cewa, Moscow za ta iya shiga cikin tattaunawa game da yiwuwar tsawaita ayyukan tashar ne kawai idan Amurka ta dage takunkumin da ta kakabawa masana’antun sararin samaniya na Rasha.

Rasha, Amurka, Turai, Japan da Kanada ne ke gudanar da tashar ta sararin samaniya tare. An sanya yanki na farko a cikin kewayawa a cikin 1998, kuma ana ci gaba da zama a wurin har kusan shekaru 22. Ana amfani da shi don gudanar da bincike na kimiyya a cikin sifili nauyi da gwada fasaha don tafiye-tafiye na gaba zuwa wata da Mars.

Yawanci tana da ma’aikata bakwai, wadanda ke shafe watanni a lokaci guda a cikin tashar yayin da yake kewayawa kimanin mil 260 a saman Duniya. Yanzu haka akwai ‘yan Rasha uku, Amurkawa uku da dan Italiya daya.

Katafaren ginin da ya hada da dala biliyan 100, wanda ya kai tsawon filin wasan kwallon kafa, ya kunshi manyan sassa guda biyu, daya na kasar Rasha, daya kuma na Amurka da sauran kasashe. Ba a dai fayyace abin da za a yi wa bangaren Rasha na rukunin ba don ci gaba da gudanar da ayyukan tasha lafiya da zarar Moscow ta fice.

Tsohon dan sama jannatin NASA Scott Kelly, wanda ya shafe kwanaki 340 na ci gaba da tafiya a tashar sararin samaniya ta kasa da kasa a shekarar 2015 da 2016, ya ce kalaman na Rasha “zai iya zama mai firgitarwa,” yana mai cewa “bayan 2024” ba ta da tushe kuma ba ta da tushe.

“Na yi imanin Rasha za ta ci gaba da zama muddin za ta iya samun damar idan ba tare da ISS ba ba su da wani shirin jigilar mutane,” in ji shi. “Haɗin kai da ƙasashen yamma ya kuma nuna wasu haƙƙi ga wasu ƙasashen da ba sa ga maciji da juna da kuma jama’arsu, wanda Putin ke buƙata yayin da yaƙin Ukraine ya lalata masa kwarin gwiwa.”

Tsohon dan sama jannati dan kasar Canada Chris Hadfield ya wallafa a shafinsa na Twitter a matsayin martani ga sanarwar: “Ku tuna cewa mafi kyawun wasan Rasha shine dara.”

Kelly ya ce zayyana tashar zai yi wahala amma ba zai gagari sauran kasashen da suka rage ba idan Rasha ta janye.

Jordan Bimm, masanin tarihin kimiyya, fasaha da likitanci a Jami’ar Chicago, ya ce furucin na Rasha “ba ya da kyau ga makomar ISS,” ya kara da cewa “yana haifar da rashin tabbas game da kula da tashar da ba ta da kyau.” t samun sauki amsoshi.”

“Yaya fita” zai yi kama? Ya tambaya. “Shin kosnonauts na ƙarshe za su kwance Soyuz ɗin su dawo duniya, su bar samfuran da aka gina a Rasha? Shin za su sa su zama marasa aiki kafin su tafi? Shin NASA da abokanta na duniya za su yi shawarwari don siyan su kuma su ci gaba da amfani da su? Modules har ma ana kiyaye su ba tare da sanin Rasha ba?

Bimm ya ce a bisa ka’ida, yana yiwuwa a ci gaba da ci gaba da gudanar da tashar bayan an ba da belin Rashawa, amma “a zahiri yana iya zama abin tsoro dangane da yadda Rasha ke son yin hakan ga NASA da sauran abokan huldarta.”

Ya ce, idan har sassan Rasha na tashar sun ware ne ko kuma ba su iya aiki ba, matsalar da za a fuskanta nan da nan ita ce yadda za a bunkasa hadaddun lokaci-lokaci don ci gaba da kewayanta, in ji shi. Kumbon na Rasha da ya isa tashar tare da kaya da ma’aikatan jirgin ana amfani da su don taimakawa wajen daidaita tashar da kuma daga sararin samaniya.

Scott Pace, darektan cibiyar manufofin sararin samaniya ta Jami’ar George Washington, ya ce sauran abubuwan da za a tattauna sun hada da maye gurbin hanyoyin sadarwa na kasa da Moscow ke samarwa.

Ya kuma kara da cewa, “Abin da ya rage shi ne a gani ko a zahiri Rasha za su iya kaddamar da tasha mai zaman kanta.”

Kawo yanzu dai Rasha ba ta yi wani kokari na ganin ta samar da nata tashar sararin samaniya ba, kuma aikin da ake ganin yana dada matukar wahala a halin yanzu a cikin rikicin Ukraine da kuma takunkumin da kasashen Yamma suka kakaba mata wanda ya takaita hanyoyin da Rasha ke amfani da su wajen samun fasahar kasashen yamma.

To kafin ci gaban tashar sararin samaniya ta duniya, Soviets – sannan kuma na Rasha – suna da tashoshi na sararin samaniya da dama, ciki har da Mir. Amurka ma tana da Skylab.

John Logsdon, wanda ya kafa kuma tsohon darektan Cibiyar Jami’ar George Washington, ya ce NASA ta sami isasshen lokaci don shiryawa janyewar Rasha, saboda barazanar da ke fitowa daga Moscow, kuma za ta yi watsi da aikinta idan ba ta yi tunani ba. game da wannan shekaru da yawa.

“Wani madadin shine bayyana nasara tare da tashar tare da yin amfani da wannan a matsayin uzuri don cire shi da kuma sanya kudaden a binciken,” in ji shi, ya kara da cewa: “A fili kimarta ta siyasa ta ragu cikin lokaci.”

Russia to drop out of International Space Station after 2024 Source link Russia to drop out of International Space Station after 2024

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