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Rare type of galaxy dazzles in new Webb telescope image

Video Above: NASA Quietly Releases Ground-Test Photos of Jupiter Captured by the James Webb Space Telescope The James Webb Space Telescope peered through cosmic dust to reveal new details and a stunning image of a rare type of galaxy. The space observatory’s latest image shows the Cartwheel galaxy, a ring galaxy located 500 million light-years away that was formed when a large spiral galaxy and a small galaxy violently collided. When galaxies collide, they can change shape and structure. In the Cartwheel galaxy, which looks a bit like a wagon wheel, a colorful ring surrounds an even brighter inner ring — both extending away from the heart of the collision, as shown in the Webb image. These characteristics are why scientists categorize the Cartwheel as a ring galaxy, which is much less common than spiral galaxies. Astronomers have gleaned new insights into individual stars and star formation within the chaotic galaxy, as well as the black hole at the galactic center, as a result of Webb’s capabilities. The new image reveals more about how the galaxy has evolved over billions of years. Among the hot dust in the bright inner ring, giant young star clusters are forming, the image shows. Meanwhile, the outer ring has been expanding for 440 million years, and that’s where star formation and star death (in the form of supernova explosions) occur. As the ring expands, it collides with gas, causing more star formation. Also visible in the image are two small companion galaxies. The Hubble Space Telescope and other observatories have studied the Cartwheel, but dust accumulations have obscured the galaxy’s mysteries. Webb is an infrared telescope, which sees light that is invisible to the human eye, which is why it was able to capture new details that other instruments could not. The new image is a composite of data collected by Webb’s Near-Infrared Camera and Mid-Infrared Instrument and captures a moment in time as the Cartwheel continues to slowly transform. The Webb Telescope officially began science operations on July 12, the same day NASA released its first images, and more images are on the way in the coming weeks, according to the space agency.

Video above: NASA quietly releases photos of Jupiter ground tests captured by the James Webb Space Telescope

The James Webb Space Telescope peered through cosmic dust to reveal new details and a stunning image of a rare type of galaxy.

The space observatory’s latest image shows the Cartwheel Galaxy, a ring galaxy 500 million light-years away that formed when a large spiral galaxy and a small galaxy violently collided.

When galaxies collide, they can change shape and structure. In the Cartwheel galaxy, which looks a bit like a wagon wheel, a colorful ring surrounds an even brighter inner ring — both extending away from the heart of the collision, as shown in the Webb image.

These characteristics are why scientists categorize the Cartwheel as a ring galaxy, which is much less common than spiral galaxies.

Astronomers have gleaned new insights into individual stars and star formation within the chaotic galaxy, as well as the black hole at the galactic center, as a result of Webb’s capabilities.

The new image reveals more about how the galaxy has evolved over billions of years.

Among the hot dust in the bright inner ring, giant young star clusters are forming, the image shows.

Meanwhile, the outer ring has been expanding for 440 million years, and that’s where star formation and star death (in the form of supernova explosions) occur. As the ring expands, it collides with gas, causing more star formation.

James Webb Telescope image

Also visible in the image are two small companion galaxies.

The Hubble Space Telescope and other observatories have studied the Cartwheel, but dust accumulations have obscured the galaxy’s mysteries. Webb is an infrared telescope, which sees light that is invisible to the human eye, which is why it was able to capture new details that other instruments could not.

The new image is a composite of data collected by Webb’s Near-Infrared Camera and Mid-Infrared Instrument and captures a moment in time as the Cartwheel continues to slowly transform.

The Webb Telescope officially began science operations on July 12, the same day NASA released its first images, and more images are on the way in the coming weeks, according to the space agency.

Rare type of galaxy dazzles in new Webb telescope image Source link Rare type of galaxy dazzles in new Webb telescope image

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