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Racial differences in cancer screenings among women

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Women who do not receive the recommended cancer screening are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. But why are some women more likely to be screened for cancer than others? A new study examined the differences in cancer screening by race. The findings will be presented at the North American Menopause Association (NAMS) Annual Meeting in Washington, DC, September 22-25, 2021.

Colonoscopy, mammogram, or Papanicolaou stain specimen Within the recommended time interval, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh surveyed about 900 women. Of these, 12% were white, 36% were black, 49% were Hispanic, and 3% were other races / ethnicities. Upon entering the study, researchers hypothesized that white women were more likely to undergo cancer screening than women of other races and ethnic groups. However, this was not always the case.

White women were more likely to have a modern colon than black or Hispanic women, Cancer screening In an unadjusted analysis, they were less likely to have the latest mammograms than black women. However, when researchers adjust their analysis of covariates such as income, employment, education, disability, health insurance, age, BMI, comorbidities, smoking status, marital status, and confidence in health care, racial differences in colon cancer screening Is no longer statistically important.Of these factors, disability Health insurance Coverage played a major role in helping explain inequality.

After adjusting for such covariates, only the frequency of mammograms remained race-dependent. Approximately 80% of study participants reported receiving mammograms within the last two years. By comparison, 83% reported having been screened for cervical cancer in the last five years, with no racial differences. Only 58% of women over the age of 50 underwent the latest colon screening.

“Knowing which women are less likely to undergo cancer screening can help direct quality improvement initiatives to those who need them most,” said Dr. Holly Thomas of the University of Pittsburgh and lead author of the study. Says. “The purpose of this analysis was to examine the differences in cancer screening by race within a community sample. Geographical location While controlling other important variables. “

This cross-sectional survey was conducted in selected underserved areas of Chicago.

“It’s important Healthcare professional We need to have meaningful conversations tailored to the specific patient’s situation to understand the factors that may impede the patient’s ability and the willingness to undergo a recommended cancer screening, “said Stephanie Four, NAMS Medical Director. Dr. Bion said.


Women’s cancer screening plummeted during a pandemic


Quote: Https: //medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-racial-differences-cancer-screenings-women.html Racial Differences in Cancer Screening Between Women Obtained on September 22, 2021 (9 2021) 22nd of March)

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