Printmaking is a broad topic that includes screen printing and lino printing. Lino printing and screen printing are some of the most accessible forms of printmaking that you can learn from your own home. Many artists and designers from around the world use these popular methods to create art which we will explore in this article.
How to learn printmaking at home?
There are printmaking kits that you can purchase which come with all the necessary equipment, however, if you would like to learn printmaking at home it is not as simple as purchasing a screen printing kit or lino printing kit.
Of course, learning printmaking means creating your own print and knowing how certain techniques work may be beneficial, this does require many hours of practice before making any prints worth selling/keeping for yourself. Printmaking is one of the best mediums to learn as you can easily create multiple copies of the same design and see how your designs progress through different editions.
Different Types of Printmaking
There are a variety of techniques in printmaking that fall under 3 main types of printmaking that we explore below.
For example, we mentioned lino printing already but it also falls under the term relief printing, which also includes woodcut printmaking. Relief printmaking involves carving away parts of a surface such as lino to reveal the blank underneath, the raised area is then inked with a roller and then pressed into a sheet of paper which leaves you with your final print.
A method that involves cutting/scratching an image into a surface with a sharp tool to create areas that are raised so the ink can be worked into the cut/scratched lines. This process can also use etching/metal print plates that have a protective ground applied to the metal. The artist then scratches the ground away which reveals the metal, acids are then used to etch the exposed metal/design into the metal. Once etched you then apply ink to the plate and print the design onto paper.
This process is used with screen printing, you draw the design onto clear acetate sheets and lay over a mesh screen that has a light-sensitive emulsion applied. You then expose this screen to a UV light which hardens the emulsion, the design blocks out certain areas of light which makes sure the emulsion does not harden in these areas. You then wash out the screen to reveal your stencil which can be used to print onto paper or you can print T-shirts/garments.