Health

Pollution’s deadly toll continues unabated

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Child exposure to lead: In many industrialized countries, lead poisoning is a major public health problem. The main sources of lead exposure include recycling of bad lead-acid batteries and e-waste without controlling contamination; contaminated spices; glazed pots with lead salts, which go into acidic foods; and lead paints and other consumer products. The exact population profile for each of these sources varies from country to country and is generally unknown. Credit: The Lancet.

Pollution continues to kill nearly 9 million people worldwide each year, according to a recent study by a 2018 report. The Lancet The Board of Health and Welfare, an international research program that includes Professor of Biology Philip J. Landrigan, MD, and DeLuca Endowed Professor of Biology and Assistant Provost Thomas Chiles among its members.

The death toll, according to the 2019 data, shows one in six deaths worldwide due to pollution – a figure that has not changed much since the agency’s first survey, according to 2015 figures, according to a study. printed in Lancet Planetary Health.

Pollution is the highest environmental risk in the world for diseases as well death earlyespecially involving low- and middle-income countries, Landrigan, Chiles, and their authors report.

“Pollution continues to be a major threat to human health,” said Landrigan, director of the World Health Organization and Public Health and the World Health Organization. “Annual system the number of casualties of 9 million has not changed from four years ago. Considering that, pollution-related deaths are three times the number caused by AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.

Air pollution accounts for about 75 percent of all deaths and is a serious public health problem. Although the number of those who died from source of pollution associated with extreme poverty-like indoor air pollution same to you water pollution– have decreased, these reductions are offset by the increase in mortality associated with them industrial pollutionincluding air pollution and toxic chemicals.

Researchers estimate that more than 1.8 million people have died as a result of chemical pollution, an increase of 66 percent since 2000.

Of the 9 million deaths that could be caused by air pollution in 2019, air pollution (both domestic and atmospheric) is responsible for the highest number of deaths in 6.67 million worldwide. Water pollution has killed 1.36 million people. Lead contributes to early death of 900,000 people, and risk of toxic occupation to 870,000 deaths.

Environmental pollution is responsible for 4.5 million deaths in 2019, up from 4.2 million in 2015 and 2.9 million in 2000. Death from hazardous chemicals increased from 900,000 in 2000, to 1.7 million in 2015, to 10.18 million, to 2. million half of all deaths attributed to lead poisoning in 2019.

Overall, mortality from modern pollution has increased by 66 percent in the last 20 years, from an estimated 3.8 million deaths in 2000 to 6.3 million in 2019. Estimates of deaths from chemical pollution could be low cost due to the small amount produced. chemicals in the business have been thoroughly tested for safety or toxicity.

The death toll from pollution caused the economy to lose $ 4.6 trillion in 2019, which is equivalent to 6.2% of the global economy’s output, the researchers said. The study also noted a high level of inequality, with 92 percent of deaths related to pollution, and the highest proportion of water pollution. economic lossesoccurs in small amounts as well middle-income countries.

The authors of the new study conclude with eight recommendations based on those presented in the Lancet Commission on air pollution and health. These include calls for:

  • An independent, the Government Planning Committee on Climate Change and the Committee on Pollution on Climate Change.
  • Increase the amount of money to control pollution from governments, the private sector, and donors
  • Improved pollution control and data collection
  • Improved relationship between science and pollution policy, such as ecology and biodiversity

“Our main concern is that pollution prevention and health care must be a top priority at the national and international levels,” Landrigan said. “We are proposing to increase the amount of money spent on pollution, and we call for more monitoring of pollution and its health implications.

“Sustainable pollution and pollution-related diseases can only be achieved through government assistance at the community level that manages the pollution at the grassroots level and encourages rapid conversion to clean energy.”


Climate change has killed 9 million people in 2019, with no progress in the last four years


Learn more:
Richard Fuller et al, Damage and Health: Developmental Updates, Lancet Planetary Health (2022). DOI: 10.1016 / S2542-5196 (22) 00090-0

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hintThe number of deaths due to pollution continues to decline (2022, June 20) Retrieved 20 June 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-06-pollution-deadly-toll-unabated.html

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