A new report shows that pollution is responsible for the deaths of 9 million people in 2019 – the equivalent of one in six deaths worldwide – a number that has almost not changed since the last survey in 2015.
The new report is for The Lancet Board of Health and Welfare, published in Lancet Planetary Healthand stated that although the number of those who died from pollution roads associated with extreme poverty (such as indoor air pollution and water pollution) have decreased, these reductions are achieved through an increase in related deaths. industrial pollution (such as environmental pollution and chemical pollution).
“The health impact of pollution is enormous, and small and medium-sized countries are taking responsibility for this. , “said Richard Fuller. author guide. “Awareness and funding have increased slightly since 2015, despite a growing body of literature about public concern about pollution and its health effects.”
“Pollution is still a major threat to human and global health and is hampering the sustainability of modern societies. Preventing pollution can also slow down climate change – double the global health benefits. the world – and our report calls for rapid and rapid change from anywhere. fossil fuels for clean, renewable energy, “said author Philip Landrigan, Director, World Health Program and World Diseases at Boston College.
In the year 2017 Lancet The National Institutes of Health, using data from the 2015 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, found that pollution is responsible for 9 – 16% of all deaths worldwide. The new report provides updated statistics for the health effects of pollution in relation to the most recent 2019 GBD data and procedures updates, as well as an assessment of developments since 2000.
Of the 9 million deaths that could be caused by air pollution in 2019, air pollution (both domestic and atmospheric) is responsible for the highest number of deaths in 6.67 million worldwide. Water pollution has killed 1.36 million people. Lead contributes to early death of 900,000 people, and risk of toxic occupation to 870,000 deaths.
Mortality from natural pollution since 2000 (air pollution from strong domestic and unsafe water) is the most common in Africa. This can be explained by improved water supply and sanitation, antibiotics and treatments, and oil refining.
However, this decline in mortality has been offset by an increase in mortality from industrial pollution — such as pollution, lead pollution, and other forms of chemical pollution — in all regions over the past 20 years. . This is especially so in Southeast Asia, where industrial pollution is associated with aging and an increase in the number of people exposed.
Pollution is responsible for 4.5 million deaths in 2019, up from 4.2 million in 2015 and 2.9 million in 2000. Death from hazardous chemicals increased from 0.9 million in 2000, to 1.7 million in 2015, to 2019 million, out of 1.8 million. 900,000 deaths associated with lead poisoning in 2019. Overall, the death toll from modern pollution has increased by 66% in the last two decades, from an estimated 3.8 million deaths in 2000 to 6.3 million a year 2019. chemical pollution It may not be considered because only a small number of commercially available chemicals have been tested for safety or toxicity.
Increased mortality due to environmental pollution caused economic losses a total of 4.6 trillion US dollars in 2019, which is equivalent to 6.2% of global economic exports. The study also highlights the inequality of pollution, where 92% of environmental deaths, and the highest economic losses occur, occur in low- and middle-income countries.
The authors of the new study conclude with eight recommendations that build on those given in the article Lancet Commission on environmental pollution and health. These include the call for an independent, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – a scientific / political committee on pollution, with additional funding to control pollution from governments, private and donors, and improved pollution. monitor and data collection. International organizations also need to acknowledge and establish a good relationship between science and pollution policy, such as climate and biodiversity, first and foremost chemical, wasteand air pollution.
“Environmental pollution, climate change and the loss of living things are interrelated. Successful management of these related threats requires global support, a comprehensive scientific framework to inform interventions, impact research. and providing leadership.Deffective conditions are considered as a domestic issue to be addressed.Through national regulations or occasionally with regional policies in the highest income areas , however, it is clear that pollution is a global threat, and its drivers, dispersal, and health impacts are beyond domestic limits and require a global response. and Executive Director of the World Health Organization on Health and Pollution.
Damage and health: continuous renewal, Lancet Planetary Health (2022). www.thelancet.com/commissions/pollution-and-health
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Pollution was responsible for 9 million deaths in 2019, with little progress during the previous four years Source link Pollution was responsible for 9 million deaths in 2019, with little progress during the previous four years