Many ancient civilizations can boast of famous female poets. The Romans celebrated Supplicia Servilia, and the Greeks celebrated their own Sappho. But these venerable women were by no means the first of their kind.
Our subject today is a woman named Enheduanna, the world’s first known poet. Her poetry has religious and political significance for generations and is probably behind many parts of the Bible. Enheduanna lived in what is now Iraq from 2285 BC to 2250 BC. Sure, she’s a good place for the great female poet Pantheon, but she wasn’t known until 1927 AD, and her place in literature is still not widely recognized.
Enheduanna was the daughter of the great and powerful Sargon, king of Akkad. In southern Iraq centuries before her, the first Western civilization known as the Sumerians emerged in 5000 BC. These were a group of small, independent city-states located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, where the Bible says the Garden of Eden would be found. The Sumerians are believed to have developed a sophisticated civilization and wrote Reinventing the Wheel, the first school, taverns, civil servants, astronomy, and itself. But by the time of Enheduanna, this great civilization had collapsed under a series of invasions, more recently the invasion of her father, Sargon.
Sargon wanted to unite all Mesopotamians under his Akkad state. He was able to deal with the military part, but knew that the religious systems, literature, myths and cultures of the people of southern Sumer needed to be united. His solution was to impose Akkadian on all his peoples and make it a language of commerce and justice. However, he also appointed Enheduanna as the high priest of the Sumerian city of Ur, the goddess of Inanna, making her both a religious leader and the local governor of the region. Ur was the center of Sumerian ancient culture and, centuries later, the birthplace of Bible patriarch Abraham.
Enheduanna composed a series of hymns to the various gods living in the Sumerian temple, in addition to administrative and cult obligations. Prior to her appointment, Inanna was a minor and insignificant goddess, but after Enheduanna did it with her, she was the dominant Sumerian goddess, and she was the most ancient book of any other god. Appears in. Inanna became the head of the Akkadian gods Pantheon and is believed to have absorbed many distant territories under her spiritual control, as if she were the earthly counterpart of the historic Sargon. I did. Inanna was praised for launching the old god of the sky god Ur from his temple and taking it over … just as Enheduanna actually moved to a religious leader. Enheduanna intended that the Sumerian goddess Inanna’s cult would be an integration of the old cults both south of Sumer and north of Akkad into one powerful system. Under the auspices of Enheduanna, Inanna became the goddess of justice, war, sexuality, and power in general.
Enheduanna is known for composing 42 different hymns to the gods of southern Iraq. Her most famous is a hymn to Inanna, who is praised for the power of the goddess, and mentions Inanna’s own role:
“Woman of all God’s power,
All brilliant light women,
A woman of justice in the brilliance of heaven,
Ann and Urash’s beloved woman,
Heaven’s mistress with a holy crown,
If you love the beautiful headdress that suits her shrine maiden’s office,
A powerful mistress who has seized all seven divine powers,
My woman, you are the guardian of the powers of the Seven Gods!
You have seized the power of God,
You have the power of God in your hands. “
Other Sumerian temples and local gods also got their own recognizable poems from the rulers of the Akkad shrine maiden. In the city of Nisaba, the temple of God said:
“Oh, the glorious star house
Lapis lazuli and bright
You illuminate all the lands! “
In the temple of Inanna in Zabala, it is said that:
“House illuminated by a bright beam of light,
Dressed in glittering stone jewels,
Awaken the world in awe! “
Foreseeing the Bible’s Psalms, these poems revealed that the rule of Sargon and his family was clearly endorsed by the gods of southern Sumerian mythology. There was no doubt about this, so our shrine maiden engraved one of her temples with the following message to the great King Akkadian:
“The person who assembled this tablet
This is Enheduanna.
My King: Something that has never been created,
Didn’t she give birth to it? “
Alas, Enheduanna’s rule ended around 2250, and she was overthrown by a palace coup. She survived the revolution and went into exile, where she died. She was buried in the temple of the god Zipal, the city of Ur. She was then completely forgotten until Sir Charles Woolley was unearthed in 1936. However, Enheduanna’s goddess Inanna gained great fame and became popular among the Akkadian Empire. Later in the Assyrian Empire, she transformed into the goddess Ishtar and made a guest appearance in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Her cult spread to the west, where she became the goddess of Astarte, a Semitic god despised by Biblical Hebrew prophets. Her connection to sexuality may be the reason why the Greeks identified her as Aphrodite.
Of course, some champs and knives believe that poetry does not have the power to shape the mind and history. The gods and goddesses of Enheduanna show that this is not the case.
Poet’s name obscured by history but her work lived on – Press Enterprise Source link Poet’s name obscured by history but her work lived on – Press Enterprise