A parade of life-sized stone camel carvings in northern Arabia dates back to the Stone Age, and new research has discovered.
Twenty-one camel and horse-like figures were discovered in 2018 in the desert province of Jowf in northwestern Saudi Arabia. Researchers first believed that the sculpture was about 2,000 years old. This is partly because it resembles a rock relief found in the famous stone town. Petra In Jordan.
New dating efforts reveal that the sculptures are much older: they date back 8000 years. They were probably carved between 6000 BC and 5000 BC, and the area was damp and cool. The landscape at the time was grasslands dotted with camels, horses, and lakes where their relatives roamed in the wild, researchers said. Humans have swarmed herds of cows, sheep and goats, producing clearly stunning works of art.
The sculptures are carved into naturally occurring rocks at the site, which often appear to fuse with the natural particles of the rock. To create them, I needed a tool made of stone called a chart. The chart would have come from at least 9 miles (15 km) away. According to researchers at the Maxplank Institute for Human History Science, Ministry of Culture, the artist who undertook the painstaking task of carving each animal took weeks to complete with some kind of foothold. Probably. Center National de la Recherche Scientifique and King Saud University.
“The Neolithic community has repeatedly returned to camel ruins, which means that its symbolism and function have been maintained for generations,” said the Maxplank Institute for Human History and Science, which led the new study. Archaeologist Maria Guagnin said.This study will be conducted on Wednesday (September 15th) Journal of Archaeological Science Reports..
The sculpture was heavily eroded and dating was difficult. Researchers used multiple pieces of evidence to do this, from rock toolmarks to radiocarbon dating of bone found in relevant rock formations. (Radiocarbon dating uses specific radioactive decay carbon Although it is a time-marking molecule, it requires organic materials for analysis. )
Researchers also used a technique called portable X-ray fluorescence analysis to measure the density of desert varnish on rocks. Desert varnish is a mineral coating that forms on desert rocks over time.Portable X-ray fluorescence analysis uses a handheld device to irradiate the beam X-ray A sample is used to non-destructively analyze the elements on its surface. Finally, the team used radiometric dating of debris that fell from the rock wall to determine when those debris fell. This method measures the amount of radiation that naturally occurs on a rock and reveals when the rock was first exposed to sunlight or intense heat and how long it has been receiving radiation from the sun since then. can do.
The New Neolithic, or Stone Age dates, place sculptures in the context of other rock art made by idyllic people in northern Arabia, researchers. Said in a statement.. These include a large stone monument called Mustachil. It is made of sandstone walls that surround a courtyard with a stone platform on one end.
Originally published in Live Science.
Parade of life-size camel carvings in northern Arabia date to the Stone Age Source link Parade of life-size camel carvings in northern Arabia date to the Stone Age