Nigeria faces one of its worst cholera outbreaks in years – Los Angeles Sentinel | Los Angeles Sentinel

This Thursday, July. 31st 2015 File photo, women and children rescued by Nigerian soldiers from Bokoharam militants in northeastern Nigeria arrive in the army (AP photo / Josie Ora file)

More than 2,300 people have died in suspicious cases in Nigeria, with the worst cholera outbreaks in years and Africa’s most populous countries struggling to cope with multiple disease outbreaks. ..

This year’s cholera outbreak, which is more lethal than the last four years, is exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which many consider to be a greater priority for the state government. Nigeria faces a resurgence of cases caused by delta variants, with less than 1% of the population fully vaccinated.

As of September 5, at least 69,925 suspected cholera cases were recorded in 25 of 36 Nigerian states and in the capital Abuja, according to the Nigerian Disease Control Center. Children between the ages of 5 and 14 are the most affected age group, with an overall case fatality rate of 3.3%, more than double the 1.3% case fatality rate of COVID-19 in Nigeria.

At least 2,323 people have died on suspicion of cholera this year, but there are concerns that it may be underestimated given the large number of affected communities in hard-to-reach areas.

Floods and poor hygiene increase the risk of infection The provinces of northern Nigeria have been hit hardest. The 19 northern states account for 98% of suspicious cases.

According to 2020 government data, cholera is endemic in Nigeria, with only 14% of the population of more than 200 million having access to safe and controlled drinking water services. This also indicates that open defecation is being performed for at least 30 people. Percentage of residents in 14 states

Yellow fever, Lassa fever, measles and other infectious diseases also occur regularly in Nigeria.

“We must continue to be aware that these multiple outbreaks can put additional strain on our health system,” Nigeria’s CDC Director Chikwe Ihekweazu told The Associated Press.

But he and other officials say the experience from those health crises helped Nigeria prepare for the worst. “Previous investments in diagnostic capabilities, case management, electronic monitoring systems, event-based monitoring, risk communication, logistic management systems, and national / local workforce development have paid off significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic. “He said.

However, this does not include cholera. In some states, authorities say COVID-19 is the central stage.

In Kogi, which has the second highest case fatality rate of cholera in Nigeria at 24.5%, health official Haruna Saka told AP that the case fatality rate is high due to the difficulty in accessing care in hard-to-reach areas. rice field.

Even in the capital, it was difficult to find care. Ese Umukoro said her brother Samson had a “very difficult” experience when he was admitted to the fourth hospital after suffering from cholera and being rejected at three hospitals. She asked the government to “do her best to at least give us good water to avoid that kind of illness.”

Sokoto has the fourth most suspected case of cholera in Nigeria, and its health commissioner told AP that 22 of the 23 municipalities had been hit.

“It is the lack of good hygiene in our village and the open defecation that has been exacerbated by heavy rains that are causing the infection,” said Ali Innname.

This is a common problem. According to government data from UNICEF-sponsored surveys, access to safe-controlled hygiene services was only 21% nationwide.

Michael Oludare, an engineer who is an Oyo-based water scientist, said it was “very important” for authorities to provide basic water and sanitation. He said poor people, women, children and internally displaced persons are among the “people with problems with cholera.”

In addition, Nigeria is addressing the challenge of inadequate vaccines and trained personnel to cover all municipalities where cholera outbreaks have been recorded.

Nigeria faces one of its worst cholera outbreaks in years – Los Angeles Sentinel | Los Angeles Sentinel Source link Nigeria faces one of its worst cholera outbreaks in years – Los Angeles Sentinel | Los Angeles Sentinel