New study in children with language deficits highlights importance of voluntary imagination in language evolution

Chimpanzees use cobbles to break nuts, but they don’t fix them. Homo habilis was one of the first homines to deliberately convert cobbles to produce crude oil, Mode One choppers. Homo habilis was able to extract large debris from the foam; his voluntary power of the product of his imagination was raw. Homo erectus, on the other hand, was able to remove much of the ax and produced a fine, rounded, double axed ax. As a result, Homo erectus has the ability to control its own imaginary pattern. Credit: Andrey Vyshedskiy, licensed under CC-BY

Did the boy bite a kitten, or vice versa?

When managing a sentence and many other things, one must establish “who to whom.” When a sentence cannot be translated by remembering an image from memory, we rely on voluntary thought to build a new image of thought in our mind.

In a previous study, the team of Drs. Andrey Vyshedskiy, a neuroscientist from Boston University, USA, predicts that this ability to think voluntarily is an important factor in language integration. To test the hypothesis, the researchers created a voluntary mindset message and managed it to 6,454 children with limited language (2 to 12 years).

In that three-year study, published in 2021, scientists concluded that children engaged in voluntary thinking showed a 2.2-fold increase in language comprehension compared to children with similar language barriers. These findings suggest that language can be improved by training voluntary thinking and affirming the visual aspect of language.

In his new work, he is now published in the press Research and Results (RIO)Dr. Vyshedskiy builds on these experimental findings to address the question language evolution and they suggest that the evolution of language originated by the development of voluntary thinking, rather than the devices of speech.

Dr. Vyshedskiy explains, “Chimpanzees and bonobos can learn hundreds of words. However, monkeys who know the names of objects, colors, and sizes are not able to identify the ‘big red pencil’ between many colors, sizes. Lego, crayons, and pencils, this implies that apes could not combine color, size and objects gradually, so, the imaginary idea became human after our ancestors parted with chimpanzees 6 million years ago surpass.

“The evolutionary development of the voluntary mind can be detected by the evolution of stone tools, since the ax-making process – for example – requires the voluntary thought of the next tool.

“Monkeys don’t make stone tools, which further confirms their inability to think.

“Our ancestors started producing crude Mode One choppers about 3.3 million years ago – the first show I could imagine voluntarily. Then, two million years ago, the emergence of a standard two-axis ax with a long cut was showing the great development of the two instruments.After, about 400,000 years ago, Neanderthals began to produce the best of the Three Models, showing the best of imagination.

“Finally, about 70,000 years ago, Homo sapiens expanded their equipment as they developed bows and arrows, needles and eyes, flutes, and integrated technology. This is when most researchers they realize that man has acquired the power of modern self-interest. “

Dr. Vyshedskiy suggests that this step-by-step development of voluntary thinking — not a talking device — is the key to gaining a modern integration language.

There are many more lines of evidence that show the division of heads of speech and voluntary thinking.

First of all, there is ample biological and archaeological evidence that modern communication devices were invented 600,000 years ago, long before modern voluntary inventions were invented 70,000 years ago.

Second, comparing a series of biographies, modern children develop physical discourse in the second year, two years before they develop the voluntary thinking necessary to understand the benefits of space, repetition, and complex myths.

Third, speech is not something that is necessary to combine language at all. If the first humans had the will, they would have invented it sign language. All common sign languages ​​include space prepositions and other repetitive objects. This was confirmed in the 1970s, when the largest native language test to date reported on 400 Nicaraguan deaf children from two schools who inadvertently invented the new sign language in a few generations. This means that the power of the speaker may not be a definite goal in achieving modern integration language at all.

Fourth, speech sounds can be produced by gray parrots and thousands of other species of song birds. However, these birds do not have a common language. Thus, the evolution of sound speech is independent of and simpler than the development of voluntary thinking.

Finally, based on children’s studies, neurological observations, archaeological research, a combination of sign language created by Nicaraguan children, and a variety of sound boxes in birds, Dr. Vyshedskiy argues that the evolution of hominin speech materials must followed by (instead). than you to) improvements in voluntary thinking.

Contrary to popular belief, it is a voluntary perception rather than a statement that appears to describe the rapid development of a language.

The language of repetition and modern thinking was discovered at the same time 70,000 years ago

Learn more:
Andrey Vyshedskiy, Language Evolution is not limited to speech acquisition: a major study of language development in children with language impairment highlights the importance of language self-efficacy, Research Ideas and Results (2022). DOI: 10.3897 / rio.8.e86401

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