What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects parts of the brain.
What are the symptoms?
The NHS says there are three major symptoms, including tremors or shaking, sluggishness of movement and muscle stiffness.
Other symptoms include problems with balance, loss of smell, nerve pain, excessive sweating and dizziness.
Some people may also experience lack of sleep, excessive saliva production and difficulty swallowing, leading to malnutrition and dehydration.
What are the early signs?
Symptoms begin slowly, sometimes beginning with a barely noticeable tremor in only one part of the body.
In the early stages, people may show little or no expression, and their arms may not swing as they walk.
Speech can also become soft or sluggish, with the condition deteriorating over time.
What are the causes?
Scientists believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors are the cause of Parkinson’s disease.
It happens after a person experiences loss of nerve cells in a part of their brain.
However, it is not known why the loss of nerve cells associated with the condition occurs.
Scientists say that genetics causes about 10 to 15% of Parkinson’s, and can therefore run in families.
Other factors attributed to the cause of the condition include environmental issues such as pollution, although such links are not conclusive, the NHS says.
How is it diagnosed?
No tests can definitively show if a person has the disease, but doctors can make a diagnosis based on symptoms, medical history and a physical examination.
A specialist will ask the person to write or draw, walk or talk to check for common signs of the condition.
They can even control on difficulty with making facial expressions and slow movement of limb.
How many people are affected?
About 145,000 people live with Parkinson’s disease in the United Kingdom.
What happens if someone is diagnosed?
According to Parkinson’s UK, it is a legal requirement to contact the DVLA, as a diagnosed person must have a medical or driving license.
The organization also advises people to contact all insurance providers and know about available financial support.
People are also encouraged to participate in more exercise.
Can it be treated?
Although there is no cure, a number of treatments are available to reduce the symptoms.
The three most important remedies include medication, exercise and therapy, which can help people in various ways.
What medication is available and what are the side effects?
Medication can be helpful in improving the main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, such as shaking and movement problems.
There are three main types commonly used, levodopa, dopamine agonist or an MAO-B inhibitor.
Each can affect people in different ways.
The medications do have some side effects, including impulsive and compulsive behavior, hallucinations, sleep problems and blood pressure changes.
What therapy is available?
There are several therapies available for those with Parkinson’s through the NHS.
These include physiotherapy to reduce muscle stiffness, occupational therapy to help complete daily tasks and speech and language coaching.
Does this change the way you live?
The life expectancy of most people will not change much, although more advanced symptoms may lead to increased disability and poor health.
It can also cause some cognitive problems and changes in mood and mental health.
Those with Parkinson’s are encouraged to exercise more often, with scientists saying that 2.5 hours of exercise a week is enough to slow the progression of symptoms.
Parkinson’s disease affects one in 500 people and causes muscle stiffness, slow movement, tremors, sleep disturbance, chronic fatigue, a reduced quality of life and can lead to severe disability.
It is a progressive neurological condition that destroys cells in the part of the brain that controls movement.
It is known that sufferers have fewer supplies of dopamine because nerve cells that make it up have died.
There is currently no cure and no way to stop the progression of the disease, but hundreds of scientific trials are underway to try to change that.
The disease claimed the life of boxing legend Muhammad Ali in 2016.
Michael J. Fox, 60, steps out with cane amid his battle with Parkinson’s disease Source link Michael J. Fox, 60, steps out with cane amid his battle with Parkinson’s disease