How well do our political institutions manage COVID-19, and are they prepared to deal with future threats to the public? A research team led by faculty at Binghamton University, New York State University hopes to answer these and additional questions after compiling a comprehensive database that monitors public health responses to COVID-19 at all levels of government around the world. .
coronavirus disease epidemic provides a unique opportunity to evaluate the responses of different species government to a global crisis, according to Olga Shvetsova, Professor of Political Science at Binghamton University. Other types of disasters, such as wars and natural disasters, affect selected countries or regions and do not allow one to draw global comparisons.
“Events have motivated us to find out what happened and what is not, and to develop new insights into how the government works with politicians and to resolve conflicts,” Shvetsova said of the lab. collaboration.
The Shvetsova Lab has compiled a comprehensive database of government-related policies in 82 countries at national and international levels, as part of the COVID-19 Prevention Index (PPI) project. The data covers the entire year 2020, and is available publicly for the benefit of researchers. Related research is published in it Scientific Data.
“The data set follows the original COVID-19 standard public health policy in times of disaster when policies are the only way to reduce the spread of the disease (before vaccinations and effective vaccines are introduced), “said Shvetsova. But governments are made up of several components: “There are various departments and offices in the government, and there is a system of professional, very important health services.”
Follow-up policy database falling into various categories, including closing international borders, closing schools, public gatherings and long-distance restrictions, closures and curfews, medical exclusion and exclusion, restricting trade and non-essential activities, states of emergency, and orders requiring personal protective equipment.
In addition to political scientists and postgraduate students in the department, the project draws on colleagues from across the country and around the world, including Canada, the United Kingdom and Russia. Graduates participate in the effort, too, as research assistants. The lab is a collaborative one, with members joining data collectionmemorizing, writing and responding to requests while conducting peer review.
“Epidemic politics– It is a real global test of how different types of government work. It’s a test of our resilience, and what the constitutional basis of that resistance is, “Shvetsova said of ongoing disease research.
For a long time, coronavirus could provide a measure that would take into account the effectiveness of different forms of government in responding to conflict. This requires an accurate estimate of the number of times and deaths, along with a strong statistical analysis of factors that determine the prevalence of mortality.
“These are great questions. It is interesting to be in a time when we can speculate and manage the setback and predict the answers to these big questions,” Shvetsova said.
Olga Shvetsova et al, Public Safety Index (PPI) Index of Global Data and Standards for COVID 19, Scientific Data (2022). DOI: 10.1038 / s41597-022-01437-9
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