Health

Killer of African children set for vaccine zap

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Hundreds of thousands of people, mostly children living in Africa, die every year as a result of malaria, a disease caused by mosquitoes that has long deteriorated during the COVID-19 epidemic.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 627,000 people died from the disease malaria in 2020, the new fiscal year – a 12 percent increase over 2019.

Ahead of World Malaria Day on Monday, the AFP news agency looked at the epidemic and the excitement surrounding the new vaccine.

Half the world is in danger

Malaria threatens half the world’s population.

Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean, the United States and Pacific coasts such as Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands are all considered endangered.

Recurrent back pain

By 2020, the world was becoming more and more advanced in the proliferation of anti-malarial drugs, especially through the use of pesticides. mosquito netstesting and effective drugs.

Annual crime has dropped by 27 percent in 2017 compared to the beginning of the century and deaths have dropped by more than 50 percent.

In June 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a certificate to China stating that it had no malaria, which ended the war of the 1940s, when the country reported 30 million outbreaks of every year.

China has been without a single home for four years in a row.

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An estimated 241 million people were infected with malaria worldwide in 2020, up from 14 million more than a year earlier, according to the WHO.

Nearly two-thirds of additional deaths in 2020 are related to disruption in the provision of malaria prevention, testing and treatment during meningitis.

Many patients avoid hospitals for fear of contracting the novel virus.

The biggest massacre in Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 95 percent of malaria cases and 96 percent of all deaths.

Half of the world’s infected people by 2020 come from four African countries: Nigeria (31.9 percent of cases), DR Congo (13.2 percent), Tanzania (4.1 percent) and Mozambique (3.8 percent).

Affected youth

Children under the age of five are the most likely to be infected with malaria.

By 2020, nearly 80 percent of the total malaria deaths in Africa are in this modern age.

five types of parasites

The symptoms of the disease originate from ancient times, with symptoms including fever, headache and muscle aches, along with the circulation of cold, fever and perspiration.

Five animals cause malaria in humans, and all of them are transmitted by infected female mosquitoes.

Plasmodium falciparum parasite is responsible for most mortality.

Remedy

There are several vaccines that help reduce the severity of the disease and prevent death while reducing the spread.

WHO says the best, especially for P. falciparum malaria, is artemisinin root hade far (ACT).

Vaccination is also recommended for pregnant women and infants living in high-risk areas and travelers to these areas. Pesticide bed bugs are also a cheap and effective shield.

Vaccination

In October 2021, the WHO recommended the “most effective” use of the world’s first malaria vaccine for children in sub-Saharan Africa after reviewing a pilot program conducted in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi.

The drug RTS, S, developed by UK pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline, has been found to be extremely effective. infant mortality from the P. falciparum parasite, the largest in Africa.

Other vaccines are at the forefront, including one developed by Oxford University in the UK, in which the Matrix-M vaccine candidate was the first to exceed the WHO’s 75 per cent threshold.


Gavi alliance OKs funding to drive African malaria prevention


© 2022 AFP

hintMalaria: Malaria: The man who killed African children vaccinated against tuberculosis (2022, April 23) was brought back on April 23, 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-04 -malaria-killer-African-children-vaccine.html

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