Health

Kids aren’t skipping just COVID vaccines

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There are thousands of children across Maryland who not only have not been vaccinated with COVID-19, but are also immune to flu and other diseases that have not been used in a long time, such as measles. and chickens.

It’s an exciting trend for public health expertswho see the number of children infected with coronavirus and fear the outbreak of a particular disease is on the rise — knocking.

“I’re more concerned about measles; we know it is highly contagious,” said Dr. William Moss, executive director of the Johns Hopkins International Center for Vaccination.

“I have been following the global epidemic, and I think communities in the United States, including Maryland, will be at risk,” he said. “Measles does not respect boundaries or stay in one place, and it travels fast.”

The eradication of measles from the United States was announced in 2000 due to high immunization rates, but has re-emerged in recent years as international travelers re-emerge in a group of unprotected people.

Measles can cause many complications in children, such as pneumonia and encephalitis. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention follows an outbreak of “occurring in any part of the world” as a result of the interruption of the immunization campaign.

So far there have been a few reported cases this year in the United States. There have been more cases of flu as well pneumonia (RSV), and additional cases of COVID-19.

The World Health Organization reports more than 17,000 measles outbreaks worldwide in the first two months of the year, almost 80% of the same period in 2021. Thousands more have been infected since then.

The last major U.S. outbreak was the first pandemic in 2019, when 1,282 cases were reported in 31 states, including Maryland.

This internal explosion had an impact on Drs. Ashley Crimmins, who lives with her family in the district of Baltimore, is not far from where the outbreak was reported.

Vaccination has always been a priority, but measles has “strengthened its importance” since her daughter was an infant at the time and did not qualify for measles, mumps and rubella, or MMR. prevention.

“The only thing that counts is a punch in the wrong direction,” Crimmins said. “You share the space with someone who has measles and if you do not have antibiotics, you will get measles.”

Crimmins, an emergency room doctor, ended up getting early MMR vaccine for her daughter and she continues to schedule meningitis vaccination for her daughter, now around 4, and her son, 9 months. They also have their own vaccine and she in good health awaiting approval for COVID-19 injection for children under 5 years of age, something that is expected to happen in the coming weeks.

Criminals take care of people they avoid health care during the disaster he also understood how parents are backing down on routine shots and even why they may have turned off COVID-19. But she urged them to consider what was happening to the children even if they were not ill for the emergency room. Her baby day care was closed most of December because of COVID-19 because some children had the coronavirus.

“She definitely misses the school system,” Crimmins said.

Public health experts say people have many reasons to skip the vaccine, from worrying about going to the doctor or being unemployed, fearing the effects of the new COVID-19 vaccine, or even feeling unwell about not being vaccinated. dole.

The CDC reported in April that Maryland had one of the lowest state reports in routine immunizations in the school year 2020-2021, when more than 8% of kindergarten students did not show proof of immunization. time to start school. Typically, kindergarten owners receive two doses of MMR vaccine. In the years before the outbreak, almost everyone had been vaccinated or quarantined.

The Maryland Department of Health reports progress during the school year: There were approximately 10,000 children without routine immunizations in November, less than 23,000 during the summer, between 17 counties and Baltimore City who report data to the state. Not all counties have updated their data in the spring, and no new data has been released.

Some, but not all, seem to have caught up, says Dr. James Campbell, a pediatrician at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and a senior researcher on the Center for the Prevention of COVID-19 in Pediatrics.

“Obviously it’s worrying that there is still a gap,” he said. “Our main concerns are those who are most affected by measles and who are most prone to measles.”

Campbell said he was also concerned about other vaccines, such as the papillomavirus, or HPV, the virus that causes cancer many years after infection. Schools do not require it, but the CDC recommends it to those who have already arrived.

“We used to live in fear of epidemics and COVID-19 outbreaks, but tens of thousands of people die every year from HPV-related cancers,” he said. “People don’t always see urgency.”

He said flu shots can also be difficult to sell, as they often do not provide protection, especially in years (like this one) where the type of flu shot is not suitable for those who roam in between people. But like COVID-19, the shot protects against serious infections. Nearly 30% of Marylanders receive flu treatment.

While the COVID-19 vaccine is higher, children have the lowest prevalence with 58% of those aged 5 to 17 overall. COVID injection is not required for school flu. In Maryland, students are required to receive MMR vaccine, as well as immunization from chicken pox; polio; diphtheria, tetanus, and cough; hepatitis B; and meningitis. Private segregation is required for each segregation on medical or religious grounds.

For the required immunizations, state health officials and school principals have already informed local school principals and health officials that they need to start planning now for next year.

“To reduce the number of students who may be illegal in early 2022-2023 school yearschool officials should start now to complete the screening of school immunizations and inform parents of children who are unable to meet their needs, ”said a letter sent to the district’s education and health officials on the 22nd. in April.

“This will allow parents more time for parents to update their children,” she said.

Tiffany Tate, who runs the Maryland Partnership for Prevention, is working with Baltimore and other counties to provide students with flu, COVID-19 and routine immunizations. She said the outbreak had disrupted vaccinations of all kinds and health officials across the state had set up more hospitals.

“Usually at this time of year, we talk about fall and flu season, but more and more we talk about routine prevention,” Tate said. “Some counties are registering for mid-to late summer to prevent going back to school. Some want to get students now, before they go on vacation.”

Tate says even cautious parents are back on the vaccination schedule due to the outbreak. And now that summer is approaching, even with the rise of COVID-19, “things are looking good. So they are not worried about vaccines,” she said.

Tate said her organization will continue to develop clinics for primary and secondary students, as well as provide all immunizations. With the U.S. Food and Drug Administration last week approving COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 5 to 11, it will provide these as well.

“We will improve our response; we will fill in the gaps,” she said. “People are paying close attention to COVID because it is a direct threat to health, but there are other threats.”


The cost of measles, other vaccines is pouring into kindergarten


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hint: Children do not just jump on the COVID vaccine (2022, May 27) Retrieved 27 May 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-05-kids-covid-vaccines.html

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