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Gun control bill: Congress sends landmark gun violence compromise to Pres. Biden

WASHINGTON – The House of Representatives sent to President Joe Biden the broadest armed violence bill passed by Congress in decades on Friday, a measured compromise that immediately shows progress on the long-running unresolved issue and deep-seated partisan divide.

The Democratic-led parliament passed the election law by a majority of 234-193, mostly partisan, shutting down a spark of action sparked by voters’ disgust at last month’s mass shootings in New York and Texas. Last night, the Senate approved it by a bipartisan margin of 65-33, with 15 Republicans joining all Democrats in backing a package created by senators from both parties.

The bill will gradually strengthen the requirements for young people to buy weapons, deny firearms to more domestic criminals and help local authorities obtain temporary weapons from people deemed dangerous. Most of the $ 13 billion cost will go to mental health programs and schools targeted in Newtown, Connecticut, Parkland, Florida and many other notorious massacres.

MORE: Mass shootings in the US have nearly tripled since 2013, according to figures

And while it ignores the much stricter restrictions that Democrats have long advocated, it is the most effective gun violence measure passed by Congress since enacting an arms embargo that expired nearly 30 years ago.

The legislation was a direct result of the murder of 19 children and two teachers at an elementary school in Uvalde, Texas, just a month ago, and the murder of 10 black shoppers days earlier in Buffalo, New York. Lawmakers returned from their constituencies after the shootings, saying voters were demanding action from Congress, a rage that many felt could not be ignored.

“No legislation can make their families or their entire communities,” said House of Representatives Justice Committee Chairman Jerold Nadler, DN.Y .. for these victims. “But we can act to prevent others from experiencing the same trauma.”

For Republican-dominated Conservatives in Parliament, it all came down to the right to a second amendment to the Constitution for people to own firearms, a protection that is key to many gun-wielding voters.

“Today comes after our freedoms in the Second Amendment, and who knows what tomorrow will bring,” said Jim Jordan, of Ohio, a leading Republican on the Judiciary Committee.

SEE ALSO: Supreme Court repeals New York law on concealment of firearms

Unable to ignore was the controversy over this week’s gun vote with a pair of shocking Supreme Court rulings on two of the nation’s most inflammatory cultural war issues. Judges on Thursday overturned a New York law restricting the ability of people to carry concealed weapons, and on Friday overturned Roe v. Wade, abolishing the half-century abortion protection provided by the case.

Fifteen Senate Republicans supported the compromise, but that meant less than a third of GOP senators supported the measure. And with Republicans in Parliament strongly opposed, the fate of Congress’ future action on guns looks questionable, although the GOP is expected to gain control of Parliament and possibly the Senate in the November election.

The bill did not have popular Democratic proposals, such as bans on assault rifles and large-capacity ammunition cartridges used in the Buffalo and Ovalde assassinations. However, he allowed both parties to declare victory by showing voters that they know how to compromise and make the government work.

However, the Senate vote underscored the reluctance of most Republicans to defy party supporters who support guns and firearms groups, such as the National Rifle Association. Senators Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Todd Young of Indiana were the only two of the 15 to be re-elected this fall. Of the rest, four are retiring and eight will not face voters until 2026.

Undoubtedly, Republican senators who voted “no” included potential contenders for the 2024 presidency, including Ted Cruz of Texas, Josh Howley of Missouri, and Tim Scott of South Carolina. Cruz said the legislation would “disarm law-abiding citizens instead of taking serious measures to protect our children.”

The talks that produced the bill were conducted by Senators Chris Murphy, D-Conn., Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., John Cornyn, R-Texas and Thom Tillis, RN.C. Murphy was representing Newtown, Connecticut, when a gunman killed 20 students and six staff at Sandy Hook Elementary School in 2012, while Cornyn had been involved in previous gun conversations following mass shootings in his state and is close to McConnell.

The bill will make available local records of minors aged 18 to 20 during the required federal history checks when attempting to purchase firearms. These exams, which are currently limited to three days, will take up to 10 days to give federal and local officials time to search for records.

People who have been convicted of domestic abuse who are current or former romantic companions of the victim would be barred from acquiring firearms by closing the so-called “friend’s window”.

This ban currently only applies to people who are married, living or have children with the victim.

There would be money to help states enforce red flag laws and for other states without them, for violence prevention programs. Nineteen states and the District of Columbia have such laws.

The measure extends the use of background checks by rewriting the definition of federally licensed arms dealers required to conduct them. Penalties for arms trafficking are being increased, billions of dollars are being provided for behavioral health clinics and school mental health programs, and there is money for school safety initiatives, though not for staff to use a “dangerous weapon.”

The number of people injured or killed does not include the suspect or perpetrator. These graphs show the number of victims in all the mass shootings in the last five years.

ABC News’ Benjamin Siegel contributed to this report.

Copyright © 2022 by the Associated Press. All rights reserved.

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Gun control bill: Congress sends landmark gun violence compromise to Pres. Biden Source link Gun control bill: Congress sends landmark gun violence compromise to Pres. Biden

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