Huntsman spider is a large and fast spider that is distributed in warm climates around the world. They are noteworthy in the way they catch their prey.
Entomologist Christie Bills, director of the Natural History Museum of Utah’s Invertebrate Collection, explained that Huntsman Spider “don’t make nets to catch prey.” Rather, they hunt down their prey. This is the habit of giving them a common name.
There are thousands of subspecies in this family (Huntsman spider). The average Huntsman spider species is about 1 inch (2.5 cm) long and has legs up to 5 inches (12.7 cm) long. However, the giant hunter spider (Heteropoda maxima) has legs up to 12 inches (30 cm) in length, making it the largest spider in diameter. It is often referred to as “the size of a dinner plate”. According to his study published in the journal, Peter Jäger, head of the arachnology department at the Semenberg Institute in Frankfurt, Germany, discovered a giant hunter in a cave in Laos in 2001. Zoosystema.. Only a few people in the world have seen this giant arachnid.
Probably the largest spider by weight Goliath Bird Eater Tarantula (((Serafosa Blondie), by American Association for the Advancement of Science..
What does a hunter look like?
Due to their large size, Huntsman spiders can be mistakenly identified as tarantulas. One way to distinguish a hunter from a tarantula is by the position of the creature’s feet. Most spider legs are bent vertically under the body. “Huntsman spiders usually have legs that spread out like crabs,” Bills said. In fact, the Huntsman Spider is also known as the Giant Club Spider.
The legs of the Huntsman spider have twisted joints that allow it to extend its appendages forward like a crab. Their placement allows them to move from side to side, further explaining the crab’s nickname. Men have long legs, but women have large bodies. “There are different colors and patterns,” Bills said. Spider paws are usually gray or brown and striped.
The bodies of many hunter species have a flat appearance and are ideal for pushing into tight spaces. Australian Museum..
Classification / classification
According to the Integrated Classification Information System (ITIS) Classification of giant hunter spiders teeth:
- Kingdom: Animal kingdom
- Subkai: Bilateria
- Lower bound: Protostome
- Upper gate: Ecdysozoa
- gate: Arthropods
- Amon: Chelicerata
- class: Spiders
- Orde: Spider family
- family: Huntsman spider family
- Genus and species: Heteropoda maxima
Where are they?
Giant hunters have been found in Laos, and most hunter species are native to Asia. According to them, they are also prevalent in Africa, Australia and South America. Science alert.. They live in several warm American states such as Florida, California, Texas, and University of Florida, It is presumed that it was introduced from Asia. They are sometimes said to have traveled from Asia in banana boxes, hence the name banana spider.
Where is the environment in which they live?
Bills praised the speed of the hunters: “They can often be very large and very fast.” In fact, Huntsman spiders can travel up to 1 yard per second, she said. Spiders usually live under loose bark on trees, under rocks, crevices, and under leaves. Huntsman spiders, especially Australian species, are famous for invading homes and cars. According to the Australian Museum, they were “discovered hiding behind the sun visor or running across the dashboard.” These spiders can be sociable, with dozens of people sitting together on dead trees and stumps.
What do hunters eat?
Hunters chase and ambush their prey, killing it with poison and a strong mouth, called the chelicerae. Once captured, the prey is infused with deadly poison from the glands inside the spider’s body, according to the University of Florida. Hunters eat cockroaches in addition to other spiders and domestic pests, so they can also be valuable spiders. But can hunters kill humans?
by Australian Reptile Park, Hunters are toxic and their bites can be painful to humans, but cause nothing more serious than mild nausea and headaches. Local swelling and pain are usually the only symptoms.
How do hunters breed?
Hunter spiders are truly romantic compared to other spider species that eat their companions. According to the Australian Museum, their mating rituals can last for hours and include long caresses and other interesting demonstrations. Men hit their pedipals (appendages, such as antennae near the mouth) against the trunk of a tree and then insert them into a woman to fertilize an egg.
After mating, the female lays up to 200 eggs and puts them in a large oval spun silk bag. “Some hunters are devoted mothers,” Bills said. They “take care of their egg sac and protect them violently.” According to the University of Florida’s Faculty of Entomology and Nematology, some women have a sac under their body, which severely restricts their movement. Others place the bag under a rock or bark and stand on it for up to 3 weeks without eating. In both cases, females can be aggressive in protecting their egg sac.
According to the Australian Reptile Park, mothers can tear the egg sac during childbirth to help the larvae emerge. After that, she stays with her baby for a few weeks. Baby hunters are light in color and darken with each molt.
Huntsman spiders can live for more than two years.
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Giant huntsman spider: The world’s largest spider by leg span Source link Giant huntsman spider: The world’s largest spider by leg span