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Genetically determined levels of inflammation linked to neuropsychiatric illness

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The important relationship between inflammation and the structure of specific areas of the brain has been discovered by researchers at the University of Birmingham.

The study, published today in JAMA Psychiatry, may be particularly relevant for neurodevelopmental neurological disorders including Autism is a disorder and schizophrenia.

Researchers say the findings could open a new chapter in the treatment of these diseases, which has not changed much since antiviral drugs were discovered in the mid-20th century.

The study was conducted by a team from the University’s Center for Psychiatry and the Center for Cancer and Biomedical Sciences, with partners from the University of Cambridge, Manchester and Bristol. It shows that organic matter is associated with kumburiespecially interleukin (IL) 6, are associated with a decrease in the volume of gray matter in certain areas of the brain that are known to be effective in it. neuropsychiatric disorders.

Using data from the UK Biobank, a large biological database, the team was able to compare genetic differences that affect IL-6 levels, and other inflammatory factors in over 20,000 patients with changes in the gray matter in specific areas of the brain.

They were able to show a strong link between IL-6 and the brain system especially in the temporal and temporal regions. Further research using the Allen Human Brain Atlas, showed that the genes used in these areas are related to conditions such as epilepsy, dementia, and schizophrenia.

Professor Rachel Upthegrove, at the University Health Center, is a prolific writer on paper. She said: “This study suggests that IL-6, which we know is associated with systemic inflammation, also affects the brain system in areas associated with these neuropsychiatric disorders. Understanding these cognitive pathways provides an exciting opportunity to discover new treatments that lead to IL. -6. This may be the first new attack of mental illness including schizophrenia discovered in more than 60 years. “

Dr. John Williams, of the Center for Cancer and Biology at the University, the first author on the paper, said: “Current therapies for these disorders work on dopamine, the chemical messenger in brain associated with mood and intelligence. These drugs can get illahowever, they are not effective in all patients.

“There are already drugs on the market that deal with inflammation with the potential to look at new compounds. Looking for a new way to find ways between inflammation, computer system and neuropsychiatric disorders are very interesting. “

The project is part of the PIMS (Psychosis Immune Mechanism Stratified Medicine Study) program, led by the University of Birmingham and established to investigate the link between inflammation and dementia. In the next phase of the study, the team will conduct experimental studies to extract IL-6, as well as review Biobank research in different patient groups.


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Learn more:
Inflammation and Brain Injury in Schizophrenia and Other Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Mendelian Randomization Study, JAMA anthropology (2022). DOI: 10.1001 / Jamapsychiatry.2022.0407

hint: Specific levels of inflammation associated with neuropsychiatric disorders (2022, March 30) Retrieved 30 March 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-03-genetically-inflammation-linked-neuropsychiatric-illness.html

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Genetically determined levels of inflammation linked to neuropsychiatric illness Source link Genetically determined levels of inflammation linked to neuropsychiatric illness

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