Tech

Front-End Automation Testing Tools For 2021

An automation testing tool refers to software that takes test cases as input and produces results without any human intervention. While they can be used on a variety of software, in this post, we will be focusing solely on the front-end part of it. For the projects that require GUI, it becomes very essential for you to choose a suitable front-end testing tool to make the testing process faster and easier.

After all, the front-end is what connects a website (or business) to the user and gives a boost to the business with the spread of the word. It needs to be perfect and well-tested! But at the same time, it is debatable to say one tool is better than others. So, here I have described some front-end testing tools with their strengths and weaknesses. According to your requirements, you can decide which tool you should go with.

Front-end testing tools

The front-end of a website is its client viewpoint. Your audience doesn’t know about your coding strength. They aren’t concerned about the technicalities of the server-side. Your clientele is chiefly generated because of how efficient, simple and charming your GUI is. Your website’s look and feel visible on the screen is the one and the only thing that matters to your end-user.

Apart from obvious dedication to offer quality service, and clever business prospects, your presentation to the world is the secret to success. User-centric UX and UI web layouts are vital for a remarkable online existence.  And how do you ensure your business’s sensational digital presence? By testing your front-end to guarantee an impeccable client vantage.

On the same track, the following list contains popular software used for front-end testing in automation.

LambdaTest

Revamp your GUI with LambdaTesttesting solutions. An award-winning, powerful cross-browser testing tool that offers you over 2000 real new and legacy mobile & desktop browsers and OS to examine your web products from every possible aspect. With the trust of 500,000+ users to date, LambdaTest is surely the next best thing in the testing realm.

Perform interactive automated and manual testing, cypress testing, and geo-location testing on a wide range of latest platforms and share the screenshots of your test results with your team without any hassle. Along with all this, you get free 60 minutes of live interactive testing every month, only with LambdaTest.

Sign up for free today and enjoy the plethora of exciting features of this astonishing Cross Browser Testing Tool.

Features:

  • Perform cross browser testing on 2000+ browsers & OS.
  • Run your selenium/cypress based automation quickly
  • Perform Geo-Location based testing easily
  • 100+ integrations to debugging and team communication super effective
  • 24×7 tech support, get any query resolved

Selenium WebDriver

Selenium WebDriver is a popular front-end automation testing tool released in 2007. Since its release, Selenium WebDriver has been used for web testing, cross-browser testing, and verifying the correct functionality of the website. Selenium allows its users to write automated scripts for web applications on multiple browsers (ex. Google Chrome 12+, Internet Explorer, Safari 5.1+, Opera 11.5, Firefox 3+ ) under different platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix).  Selenium comes with a lot of useful features such as record and playback, loads of plugins and on top of all, it is open-source and free to use.

Features:

  • Selenium WebDriver provides the “record and replay” functionality by which you can record the user’s actions and replay them as many times as the tester wants. It is useful for UI & front-end testing and requires no programming efforts.
  • It has the support of different programming languages that include Java, JavaScript, Python, C#, R, Ruby, Perl, and PHP. Hence gives options to the testers to write tests in their favourite languages.
  • It provides multiple OS support like Linux, Mac, and Windows, etc. Along with this Selenium WebDriver is a cross-platform software i.e. it allows you to write tests for one platform and execute them on different platforms.
  • Selenium is faster and effective as compared to the other testing tools because it directly interacts with the browsers.

WebDriverIO

WebDriverIO is an open-source project and is also referred to as a next-gen testing automation framework. It was written in JavaScript and built over NodeJS, which is well known for application development. This makes the WebDriverIO more suitable for the testing of web applications as well as native mobile applications. It is preferred over other testing automation frameworks because of its simple structure, ability to test native mobile applications, and concise script writing feature. Moreover, it can also be integrated with third-party testing solution providers resulting in overall convenience for the QAs.

Features:

  • The addCommand function is available that allows QAs to add custom commands according to their convenience.
  • WebDriverIO allows its users to write simple and concise scripts.
  • Its support for the testing of native mobile applications attracts the QAs.
  • Since it is written in JavaScript, it makes front-end testing friendly and brings it up in the list of best front-end testing automation tools.

Cypress

Cypress is one of the best front-end testing tools built for the modern web and written in JavaScript. It enables you to write a variety of tests such as end-to-end, integration tests, and unit tests efficiently which facilitates the front-end testing process. Unlike selenium, cypress directly operates inside the browser. Eventually, it can listen and modify the browser’s behaviour and provide an easier, faster, and reliable experience to QA engineers. Besides, it is much easier to find out the errors because of its interface.

Features:
There is no need to worry about the reasons for errors as it gives you an interactive interface with which you can easily find and debug them as well.

  • Cypress mostly focuses on end-to-end testing to provide a better scripting experience to the testers.
  • It does not use selenium hence provides a fast, consistent, and reliable experience while writing the tests.
  • Working with cypress will enrich your browsers with extra functionalities. You never need to add wait to your test code as the cypress is enabled with inbuilt wait mechanisms.

TestProject

TestProject is an open-source test automation development framework. It has been built on top of Selenium and Appium and allows automation testers to test mobile and web applications. It facilitates the testers by allowing them to use addons shared by others with that you can write more reliable and robust test scripts. Besides, you can easily import your previous tests while using the TestProject tool.

Features:

  • QA engineers can extend the capabilities of TestProject by using its shared add-on libraries.
  • TestProject supports different languages like Java, C++, and Python under different platforms like Windows, Linux, macOS, and Android, etc.
  • It was designed keeping in mind that testers having no prior experience in programming may also write tests in no time. So, its UI is that easy to start with.
  • It helps you to create automated test steps just by going through the interface of the website. Also, it provides the automatic recording and all required built-in capabilities that help to enhance the speed of testing.

Puppeteer

A node library that provides a high-level API to control headless Chrome ( headless chrome browsers are with no GUI and specifically used for automated testing ) over the DevTools Protocol. Puppeteer is well known for automating chrome browsers to run website tests. Besides, it helps in extracting the content and data from the websites and generating pdfs.

Features:

  • Puppeteer helps in generating pdfs and taking screenshots.
  • While checking the performance of the browsers, Puppeteer is a good tool to consider.
  • It is really easy to automate the chrome with a puppeteer.
  • As mentioned earlier it is used for web scraping which means extracting the content and data from the website.

Playwright JS: 

A Playwright JS is a new open-source JavaScript-based cross-browser end-to-end automation testing tool. It was introduced with the motive to provide a single API to automate the popular browsers. And it should be fast and reliable enough to meet the need of them. It may sound like Puppeteer tools that I have described earlier but it is different in some way like it is an end-to-end testing tool. It also resolved the hectic learning of using automation tools and provide an inbuild wait mechanism and ensures a concise tests script.

Features:

  • It has the support of different programming languages that include Java, JavaScript, Python, .Net, and C#. Hence gives options to the testers to write tests in their favourite languages.
  • It provides headless chrome execution support.
  • Playwright js performs some check actions that include visible, attached, receive event, etc.
  • With this tool, parallel testing is also possible.

TestCafe

TestCafe is an open-source and end-to-end automation testing tool written in JavaScript and built upon Node.js. It was developed by DevExpress. It is best known for automating web browsers. The main motive behind its development was to provide support to customers who are using older versions of browsers. As far as the platform is concerned, you need not worry because it supports all popular operating systems ex. Linux, macOS, Windows. It also reduces your overhead of installing and configuring the tool as it takes no time for the mentioned process and you can get started very easily.

Features: 

  • It is capable of detecting all the browsers installed in your system and performing testing requiring no external support.
  • With lesser effort, you can run your tests parallelly in all the browsers.
  • It is not required to install a separate API for the wait as it has an inbuilt wait mechanism that helps create more reliable and faster running tests.
  • It uses typescript language to allow its users to take the advantage of strongly typed object-oriented languages.

Conclusion

The front end of a website is the first thing that comes to notice to the users. Although you could have implemented great algorithms in the back end and if the front end is not appealing, it will lead you to nothing. So, it becomes very important for a QA engineer to test the web application before delivering it to a third party. It should perform well irrespective of browsers and Operating systems. Keeping this in mind I have covered all the best-known front-end testing tools in this article with all the major features mentioned below them. Hope it will help you to figure out the best one according to your requirements.

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