Your Ford Ranger has been a trusted vehicle for years. Then one morning, it happens. The truck cranks but won’t start. You suspect the fuel pump. Of course, your first concern is how much this repair will set you back.
The answer varies widely, depending upon the cost of automotive labor where you live and the year of your Ford Ranger. For example, a 2000 Ford Ranger fuel pump runs an average of $300. If you drive a vintage Ranger, however, replacement parts get more expensive.
If you’re handy around the garage and have a nice set of tools, you can replace the fuel pump yourself and save on the labor costs. Better yet, get a friend to help and spend a Saturday together. With AutoZone fuel pumps, you’ll get the right part and helpful advice to go with it.
How Do Fuel Pumps Work?
The job of your fuel pump is to deliver fuel from the gas tank to the engine. Most commonly, the fuel pump is located inside the gas tank. Often, when you first turn the key on your truck, you can hear the fuel pump rev up as a faint hum or whine for about five seconds before the engine itself cranks in.
When the fuel pump is working, the following occurs:
- Fuel is drawn into the pump through a filter.
- The fuel travels around the DC motor in the pump, cooling it, and then exits the pump through a check valve.
- The fuel is pushed through another filter and fuel line towards the engine.
- The pump compresses the fuel as it passes through.
Once your engine is running, the fuel pump runs continuously. If your engine stalls, the pump receives a signal to shut off.
When to Replace Your Fuel Pump
How do you know it’s time for a new fuel pump? It can be tough to identify which external engine parts are causing a poorly-running truck. Fortunately, there are a few clues you can watch for, such as:
- Difficulty starting
- Engine sputtering
- Loud whining noises from fuel tank
- Engine surging
- Poor gas mileage
- Engine stalls at high temperatures
- Loss of power when hauling a load
If your truck is displaying any of these symptoms, it’s time to check on the fuel pump. Fuel pumps are quite hardy and should go 100,000 miles or more. When your truck’s mileage gets above 150,000, it’s more likely that the above problems mean fuel pump replacement.
How To Take Care of Your Fuel Pump
Would you like to get as many miles as possible out of your Ranger’s fuel pump? There are a couple of simple things you can do to extend its life. First, don’t let your tank get below a quarter full. That fuel keeps your pump cool.
Second, keep your fuel lines maintained and clean. Inspect and replace fuel filters regularly. No fuel pump appreciates dirt and debris. Take the time to care for your fuel delivery system and your truck will thank you.