Tech

Fighting in Brussels bogs down plans to regulate Big Tech

Candid intervention in the European Parliament last month caught frustration slowing the EU’s attempts to curb the power of Big Tech.

Last year the EU Radical blueprint Due to technical regulations that make Google, Facebook, Amazon, etc. take the troublesome responsibility of cleaning up the platform and ensuring fair competition.

However, since then, a series of measures have stalled in the European Parliament and are now at risk of running out of water and significantly delaying.

In Brussels, there are even concerns that the new rules will not come into force until Marguerite Vestager, head of EU competition and digital policy, resigns three years later.

“It sounded like we agreed, but it’s not … at all. German MEP Evelyne Gebhardt resented in a debate last month.

The slow progress allows Big Tech to spend more time getting a complete picture of the major sectors of the economy. “If you wait too long, some markets will not be able to repair anymore. This is to protect European consumers and small businesses. We need to achieve this as soon as possible,” he said.

The two proposed bills are the Digital Markets Act (DMA) and the Digital Services Act (DMA), which are designed to force so-called gatekeepers such as Google to secure a fair competition on a vast online platform. DSA). Clarify Big Tech’s responsibility to keep illegal content away from the service.

However, the package divides the MEP along several sides.

The biggest dispute is which companies should be caught by regulation. Andreas Schwab, the leading MEP representing a strong EPP group in Congress, has promoted legislation that focuses only on the largest platforms. But his rivals want to broaden the scope of the law and cover many digital services.

“If the threshold is too low, many traditional businesses will also be captured. However, the law is not aimed at the general economy, especially at digital gatekeepers who are closing the market.” Schwab told the Financial Times.

In his proposal, only companies with a market value of more than € 80 billion fall under the new law. Schwab also wants to target only the core digital services of each company, for example, targeting only Google’s search and advertising business.

However, the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democracy (S & D), the second largest political party in the European Parliament, wants to include other types of digital services such as video streaming, music streaming, mobile payments and cloud services.

“Tracking five companies doesn’t solve the problem,” said Paul Tang, a Dutch MEP, who needed to regulate companies worth more than € 50 billion. This is the threshold that Dutch-based Booking.com can also earn. German SAP and Airbnb.

“I’m worried that a new gatekeeper will soon be launched when I do business with Google and other companies. I need a law to prove it in the future,” he said. “We’ve been waiting for more than 20 years to reform the rules of the Internet, so we need to make the Internet strong enough for the next 20 years.”

He also believes that the law should follow a platform that offers multiple services, as “Big Tech knows how to circumvent the law with an army of expensive lawyers, which misses the opportunity.” Said.

Schwab, who is quite opposed to Google’s business model, said that too much focus would reduce the EU’s ability to tackle the biggest problems. “We want to cover everything and risk having a law that doesn’t achieve anything. If this happens, it’s going to be a big win for Google and other big tech companies,” he said.

The deadlock is not easily resolved. “Everyone is in a difficult position and everyone is willing to compromise,” said the person involved in the debate.

Those who hope that a solution will emerge before EU member states, the European Commission and Parliament meet for talks early next year and France, the EU’s presidency in 2022, heads for the presidential election in April. There is also. Last week’s meeting between all parties aimed to close some gaps.

Apart from this, MEP is also disputing the obligation that large platforms should be submitted. In line with the Commission’s suggestion, Schwab wants users to agree on whether data can be combined between services, for example between Google’s Gmail and YouTube. Socialists want to ban this practice.

S & D is also pushing for new rules that force Big Tech to prove that acquisitions of small businesses do not harm the market or prevent the purchase of small rivals. This is a measure that Schwab considers too extreme. We also want to ban the controversial practice of targeting users with advertising, but Schwab opposes this.

Meanwhile, EU member states are also competing to influence the outcome of the process. France wants Individual states have more power to fine big tech companies if they don’t clean up their platforms. Ireland and Luxembourg, where some of the big tech companies are based, like the status quo.

Under current rules, only the countries where large tech groups are headquartered have the power to impose nasty fines and force the platform to remove illegal content.

“This is the main DSA battle at risk of derailing the DSA,” said one with negotiating knowledge.

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Fighting in Brussels bogs down plans to regulate Big Tech Source link Fighting in Brussels bogs down plans to regulate Big Tech

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