Health

E-cigarettes more helpful than nicotine replacement treatments for dependent smokers

Credit: PIXTA / CC0 public domain

According to the results of clinical trials by Queen Mary University of London, e-cigarettes are more effective in achieving long-term smoking cessation and smoking cessation than nicotine replacement treatment.

About 80% of smokers receiving intensive care continue to smoke a year later.Smokers can benefit from approaches that reduce harm from smoking You have the option to stop nicotine later without stopping the use of nicotine. Nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) such as nicotine patches, chewing gum, nasal / mouth sprays, and inhalers have been licensed to do this for over 30 years. They work, but the results are modest, especially if behavioral support is also provided.

In the first study of this type, researchers enrolled 135 smokers who could not stop smoking with conventional treatments. They were randomized to receive either an 8-week supply of selected NRTs, or an e-cigarette starter pack, and were instructed to purchase more e-liquids of selected intensity and flavor. The product was accompanied by minimal behavioral support to quit smoking.

Results published in the journal Addiction, Found that there is a significant difference in smoking cessation (including complete smoking cessation) in the e-cigarette group. Six months later, in the e-cigarette group, 27% of participants reduced smoking by at least half compared to 6% of participants in the NRT group. There was also a significant difference in the rate of complete smoking cessation, as confirmed by carbon monoxide measurements from participants’ breathing. 19% of e-cigarette group participants quit smoking, compared to 3% in the NRT group.

The results suggest that recommending refillable e-cigarettes containing electronic liquids with the strength and flavor of the patient’s choice is a more effective approach for addicted smokers than prescribing NRT. I will.The· Electronic Cigarette Starter packs are also much cheaper than NRT.

Dr. Katie Myerssmith, a senior researcher and health psychologist at Queen Mary University of London, said: smoker Previously, I had a hard time quitting the use of other methods, especially when the behavioral support available was limited. “

Michelle Mitchell, CEO of Cancer Research UK, who funded the study, said: So far, vaping has been shown to be far less harmful than smoking, but e-cigarettes are not risk-free and their long-term effects are not yet known, so people who have never smoked. Do not use.

“It’s important to switch completely to benefit and reduce your risk of cancer. Talk to your doctor or a free local smoking cessation service to find the best option for you.”


“Heat-not-burn tobacco” products compared to tobacco and electronic cigarettes


For more information:
E-cigarette and nicotine replacement therapy as a harm reduction intervention for smokers who have difficulty quitting: Randomized controlled trials, DOI: 10.1111 / add.15628

Quote: E-cigarettes (June 29, 2021) that are more useful than nicotine replacement treatment for addicted smokers, https: //medicalxpress.com/news/2021-06-e-cigarettes-nicotine-treatments-smokers.html Obtained from June 29, 2021

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