People with type 2 diabetes are at significantly higher risk of needing intensive care if they are infected with COVID-19. This is shown by a study containing data on 2.6 million Swedes. Of these, 500,000 are registered for diabetes. The study also shows an increase in COVID-19 mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes.
In Sweden, about 500,000 people have diabetes, 90% of whom have type 2 diabetes. A Swedish study investigated the number of new cases of COVID-19 in diabetic patients and the likelihood of hospitalization, intensive care, and death.
This study Lancet Community Health — EuropeWe compared diabetic and non-diabetic controls, randomly selected from the population, matched in terms of age, gender, and region. Overall, the study consisted of 2.6 million individuals in Sweden, of which 500,000 were registered for diabetes.
“According to this study, patients with type 2 diabetes were 1.4 times more likely to be hospitalized for COVID-19 than non-diabetic patients, so the risk is 40% higher,” said Aidin Rawshani, a researcher at Gothenburg University Sahlgrenska Academy. Stated.
Even if you adjust the disturbance factors significantly, the risk increases significantly. Intensive care Patients with COVID-19 (1.4 times higher) and COVID-19 mortality (1.5 times higher) were found in patients with type 2 diabetes compared to the corresponding controls.
All results showed a significantly higher risk for patients with type 1 diabetes. On the other hand, no significant excess risk was found in the results of the statistical model with fully adjusted risk factors.
This study, conducted from January 1st to August 15th, 2020, was funded by the Swedish Heart Lung Foundation. Kristina Sparreljung is its Executive Director.
“Research in the field of diabetes has been very successful with new treatments and drugs. Diabetes It is rising in Sweden. We hope that these new findings will help save more lives, “Sparreljung wrote. Press release From the Cardiopulmonary Foundation.
Aidin Rawshani et al. Severe COVID-19 in Swedish Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: A National Retrospective Cohort Study, Lancet Regional Health-Europe (2021). DOI: 10.1016 / j.lanepe.2021.100105
Quote: Diabetics were hit harder by COVID-19 (May 17, 2021).
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