Whenever there is an outbreak of a disease in the world – such as measles — it is up to the World Health Organization (WHO) to consider its responsibilities, including whether it is a public health emergency. ‘a that bothers the international community. .
Global efforts to control the epidemic have been documented since time immemorial the plague of blacks in Europe in the 14th century. Since then, ethical standards have been created to keep pace with the emergence of new diseases and the development of globalization crises that are increasingly linked.
There are many diseases that can affect a large number of people. But not all diseases are considered public health emergency.
The significance of the plague is the work of many things.
These including The prevalence and potential for rapid spread, severity of infection, mortality (number of infected deaths), availability of vaccines or treatment (more severe if not available), impact on travel and business, and economic environment .
The announcement of the WHO’s “public health emergency of international concern” has led to several things.
The first is that it signifies a commitment to provide international resources for response.
The second is that it allows for the rest of my savings International Health Regulations. These are derived from the International Sanitary Laws of mid-1900s, used to control cholera outbreaks. During this time, public awareness was raised about the social and economic implications of communicable diseases at the border, as well as concerns about undue interference in trade.
In 1969 the laws were rename “Global Health Regulations” by the WHO. They were then corrected in 1973 and 1981. Yet they provided only 3 forms of disease – cholera, yellow fever and plague. The principles behind them are “the highest level of security against the spread of disease in the world with minimal interference to global traffic.”
In 1995, a series of regular revisions began to expand the boundaries of standards with the six types of frameworks presented. symptoms:
- severe hemorrhagic fever,
- severe respiratory illness,
- acute diarrhea,
- jaundice pain,
- acute neurological disease, da
- other well-known diseases.
In addition, five factors are presented to assess whether a cough is an acute illness and is of global importance. These are the fastest growing in the community, the sudden death toll, the new popularity injurybig political and media information, and restrictions on business or travel.
The last revision of the legislation was made in 2005 following 2003 SARS epidemic.
The five major changes from the previous version are:
- an amazing expansion of the rules,
- Creating obligations on states to improve minimum monitoring and response capacity,
- empower WHO to access and use non-government monitoring methods;
- empower WHO to declare a state of international public health emergency and make recommendations on how state parties are dealing with the situation; same to you
- incorporate human rights ideas into the implementation of principles.
The rules set out how to deal with emergencies. This includes setting up a list of experts appointed by the WHO Director-General in all areas of expertise. The emergency committee was then removed from the list for consultation. The committee must decide on a number of issues related to the control of the disease. This includes whether an event is a global emergency and when it should end.
More than a health issue
But the rules can go a long way. Many countries cannot obey them because of lack of resources.
Most global emergencies are not specific health problems, but they are related civil society groups, public relations, law and order and border control. In 2014 Ebola epidemicfor example, a health promotion group killed in Guinea because the people of the area were afraid to go to their villages. During the COVID-19 we also saw civil unrest in other countries. All of these issues are taken into account by the WHO when deciding whether to declare the population health the urgency of the global crisis.
hint: When is the disease considered a global threat? Here is the answer (2022, June 23) retrieved 23 June 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-06-disease-deemed-global-threat.html
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