Through a long-standing lens, violent crime is only part of what it was in the early 1990s. But murders have skyrocketed from historic lows in many California cities and across the country over the past few years, and no one knows if it’s a pandemic-inspired spike or stays here. not.
City San Bernardino had the highest per capita homicide rate 30.6 murders for every 100,000 inhabitants, according to federal data collated by among the big cities of California in 2020 Everytown for gun safety, A non-profit organization that supports education and research on firearms in the United States.
In the Moreno Valley of similar size, there were only 7 murders per 100,000 inhabitants.
Murder cases include Riverside (10 to 24), Anaheim (7 to 16), Hemet (5 to 14), Pasadena (2 to 7), Torrance and Glendale (1 to 3), Southern California from 2016 to 2020. It has more than doubled in some cities in California. To both).
Meanwhile, the number of murders in the city of Los Angeles increased from 293 in 2016 to 352 last year. Murder cases surged from 86 to 102 in Auckland. Long beach, 33-36.
“These are not random,” said Elliott Currie, a professor of criminology, law, and society at the University of California, Irvine, who has authored many books on this topic, including Pulitzer Prize finalists. ..Crime and punishment in America. “
“Most of the time, you’re seeing that people and places that have always been hit hard by violent crimes are now hit particularly hard. Looking at the data, people of color There is an unusual increase in murders in between. “
Overall, there were 2,202 murders in California in 2020, an increase of 31% over the previous year. Data from the Office of the Attorney..
The number of white murder victims increased by 8.5% year-on-year, while the number of Latino American victims increased by 33.9% and the number of black victims increased by 40%.
It’s not just California. Nationally, homicide rates increased by 30% from 2019 to 2020.This is the largest single-year increase in more than a century, and the Pew Research Center Analysis of interim data from the CDC.
Nationwide, Pew found that there were 7.8 murders for every 100,000 in 2020, up from six in the previous year.
California has done better in this regard. According to Attorney General data, the homicide rate in 2020 was 5.5 per 100,000, up from 4.2 in the previous year.
Why? Any criminal scholar who deserves his salt would say that no one is sure exactly why the murders soared so dramatically, Curry said. However, experts point out that the devastating impact of pandemics on the economy, the surge in firearm sales, and the surge in firearm sales.
“We have truly tested people around the world over the past year,” said John McMahon, a San Bernardino County Sheriff and Autopsy Officer. Annual crime report. “The COVID-19 pandemic put a heavy burden on the economy, the way everyone lives, and how we interacted with each other. This pandemic has been a law enforcement agency for 36 years for me. It has affected our business, our employees, and their families like we’ve never seen before. “
Consider Hemet in Riverside County. Murder cases surged from 5 to 14 in a year.
“It’s difficult to pinpoint exactly what contributed to the increase,” spokesman Alan Reyes said in an email. “A closer look at the contextual data shows that about 85% (12/14) of the homicides in Hemet in 2020 were the result of someone the victim knew, but in the previous year it was common. There is a 50/50 split between victims who know the suspect and victims who do not know the suspect. “
The Sheriff’s Office of San Bernardino County, which serves unincorporated areas and several contracted cities, also said that most of the murders within its jurisdiction occurred among acquaintances or families.
“One of the most important factors for me is related to work,” said UCI Curry. “COVID lost jobs and businesses to many people, but it didn’t necessarily raise poverty levels because the government invested so much money to keep people afloat. What happened was people. Hasn’t regained his job and is just starting out. From a criminological point of view, it has a particularly big impact on violent crimes.
“When we move people at high risk away from workplace constraints, they are now lazy. Maybe they’re hanging out on the street. It’s even worse when it comes to victims of violence. There is no place. “
The data is still being analyzed, but experts say that the violence of intimate partners did play a role. In households with a history of abuse, partners often lost their jobs and were locked up together for long periods of time.
As the economy recovers and people return to work, these factors can decline and help lower homicide rates.
“We are cautiously hoping that these spikes will be mitigated,” Curry said. “It is partly determined by what we do at the level of social policy.”
He hopes that a large infrastructure package passed by Congress will hit the center of violent crime by creating high-paying jobs, and the Build Back Better Act is for childcare, medical care and paid parental leave. He said he promised to do the same by investing in vacations. Intervention and social welfare. “All these things are crime prevention,” he said.
Abundance of guns
However, one of the causes of bloodshed does not disappear. Even if COVID-19 disappears, the extraordinary flood of guns that has surged in the community over the last few years will remain there. It maintains the stage of violence.
“Firearms continue to be the most common weapon used in murder,” said the Attorney General’s criminal summary. “In 2020, 74.2% of the murders with identified weapons used firearms.”
Nationally, Pew found that the proportion was even higher nationally. Firearms were involved in 77% of homicides for which data were available in 2020, up from 73% in the previous year.
And although 2021 isn’t over yet, many observers expect it to be as bloody as it is in 2020. Gun injury archive, Track incidents.
Experts point out that the murder rate in the United States is exponentially higher than in other modern democracies. According to World Health Organization data, the homicide rate in the United States in 2018 was 5 per 100,000. WorldPopulationReview.com.. The Canadian rate was 1.76. It was 1.2 in the UK and France. About 1 in Sweden, Denmark and Germany. About 0.6 in South Korea, Switzerland and the Netherlands. And in Japan, 0.26.
This is because guns are much more freely available in the United States, and there has been a buying frenzy in recent years.
Data held by Small Arms Analytics & Forecasting Group We found that 13.9 million firearms were purchased in 2019 and 22.8 million firearms were purchased in 2020.
The FBI conducted a background check on 28 million potential buyers in 2019 and 39.3 million potential buyers in 2020, the group said. These numbers do not reflect the individual, as one person may have purchased multiple firearms.
“Currently, guns are on the rise in high-risk communities, and they’re there when you get back to work,” Curry said. “The number of murders in the United States, which we are always talking about, is about a deeper, long-standing social situation that is less relevant, such as poverty, especially lack of opportunity, despair, something goes. Sense, it’s facilitated by the lack of that opportunity. We’re not going far until we talk about it seriously.
“But I think we’re starting. I tend to be unreasonably optimistic that it will eventually work better. There are signs of encouragement.”
Several cities in California are going against this trend. In San Jose, homicides decreased from 47 to 40 between 2016 and 2020, and in Santa Anna, homicides decreased from 23 to 15.
As of November 1, Hemet had two murders. In San Bernardino, as of early December, it is one less than last year.
“We’re not stroking a little down, but we expect it to definitely go down over time,” said Jeff Klaus, a spokesman for the city of San Bernardino.
He said the surge in murders throughout his city and state was the product of the worst. Cities freeze because they didn’t know what their finances would be.
And looking back at all crimes, it fell by 17% from 2019 to 2020. This is mainly due to the reduction of robbery, theft and property crimes closely associated with people working at home.
Klaus said San Bernardino would be subsidized to hire more police, expand its power by 28 police officers, and carry out more community-based police activities.
Hemet’s Reyes said the city is strengthening its youth program, community participation and partnerships with education, investing in new firearm detection dogs in 2018 and license plate recognition cameras in 2020. rice field.
In the cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco Prohibition of possession, purchase and sale of “ghost gun” — An unfinished, untraceable gun kit that can be assembled at home — and many want a similar ban at the state level. But that’s not enough, Curry said.
“I grew up in Chicago, which is always in the news because of gun violence,” he said. “There are very strict regulations. But all you have to do is cross the line into Indiana and you can get whatever you want. Intelligent gun control. Until true national policy is obtained, we will face this problem of a large flood of guns in very unstable places. “
“This is a slow, step-by-step process, but I’m sure we’re heading in the right direction.”
Are soaring murder rates here to stay in California, local communities? – Press Telegram Source link Are soaring murder rates here to stay in California, local communities? – Press Telegram