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Action is needed to reduce e-cigarette use among adolescents to lower lifetime CVD risk

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E-cigarettes are becoming more popular among young people, and recent scientific evidence suggests that the use of these products has a negative health effect that may increase over time, increasing the risk of heart disease and blood vessels throughout life. people using e-cigarettes, according to a new scientific report from the American Heart Association published today in the association’s review journal, Roundabout: Search.

Scientific information is an integral part of current research and may inform future clinical practice guidelines. In this article, “The Effects of Vaping in Adolescents in Adolescents,” experts in basic, anatomical, vascular, toxicology, pharmacology and epidemiology reviews reviews based on evidence-based on the impact of e-cigarette heart disease in adolescents to briefly inform. – and my long-term adventure vaping and provide guidance to reduce vaping among young men.

“A lot of reading on use e-cigarettes It is administered in adults or in animals, “said Loren E. Wold, Ph.D., FAHA, president of the writing team for scientific information and professor and vice president of research for research and approval. at the College of Medicine at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio.

Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) consists of a battery, atomizer (or heating device) and a reservoir for e-liquid in the form of shells, tanks or shells. These devices deliver aerosol (usually containing nicotine or THC, a major psychoactive ingredient in cannabis) to the user who is inhaled in the lungs. ENDS is made to look like a pipe, hookah, cigarettes and cigars, with most e-cigarettes. Among the new features of e-cigarette cigarettes are the smaller devices and usually look like a USB flash drive. These devices contain nicotine-rich e-liquid in the form of salt, along with other chemicals.

Since the introduction of e-cigarettes on the market in the early 2000s, their use has increased dramatically, especially among young people, making age-related low tobacco use among young people and adolescents less dependent on nicotine regular smokers, smokers. In 2019, 27.5% of teens at grades 9-12 and 10.5% of young teens at grades 6-8 reported vaping in the past month, according to the 2019 National Tobacco Research Survey. The team noted that although many new e-cigarette users have never smoked cigarettes, young people who have just started vaping may be nicotine users or long-term smokers and currently it is not known what diseases may develop during their vaping life.

According to the announcement, the poison of e-cigarettes has been largely misunderstood, in part because many e-cigarette manufacturers have not publicly revealed the full list of many e-cigarette products. Since the exact content of the products in the devices is not known, it is difficult to predict or determine the health effects on the lungs and heart. In addition to nicotine, or THC, e-liquids contain vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol, which are listed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as “generally considered safe” (GRAS). However, these compounds are not intended for inhalation and, therefore, have not been tested in such a way as to determine how their inhalation affects a person. During hot weather, these compounds break down into other chemicals such as formaldehyde, which is a well-known carcinogen.

“Inhalation of any external substance can affect the respiratory and cardiovascular systems,” Wold said. “Furthermore, human lung cancer continues until the early 20s, so young men who vape are at risk for developing or altering their lung development and may not reach full lung function.”

Previous studies have found that people who use e-cigarettes are at increased risk for respiratory health issues, including:

  • higher rates of wheezing and coughing;
  • the incidence of asthma;
  • increased incidence of lung diseases (lung); same to you
  • increase the incidence of respiratory diseases.

In addition, the study found that young people who smoke e-cigarettes suffer from nerve stiffness, nerve damage, and increased blood pressure and heart rate. This evidence suggests that the risk of cardiovascular disease of e-cigarettes may increase over time with long-term use, which may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people who use e-cigarettes in in the long run.

“While young people who use e-cigarettes may not feel that vaping is affecting them at the moment, it is clear that the chemicals in cigarette smoke harm the blood vessels of the heart, which causes changes that increase heart disease over time. Wold said. “It usually takes years for people who smoke cigarettes to develop cardiovascular disease and / or pulmonary embolism, and the same may be true of vaping. Reducing the rate of vaping among young people can help improve the outcome of long-term heart attack within this group. ”

The committee wrote that although the effects of vaping heart disease have a central benefit, vaping is already known to harm vital health factors. In particular the use of e-cigarettes destroys the quality of sleep, can affect the health of the brain and lead to addiction by activating other brain mechanisms. The use of dangerous substances such as nicotine during adolescence can have an impact on addictive behaviors as adults. This is very stressful and can lead to lifelong addictions and social interactions.

The study found that while some people may take e-cigarettes as an aid to quit smoking cigarettes, many people end up using both products on a regular basis. The writing committee stressed that it is important to differentiate between quitting smoking and nicotine discontinuation. One study from the UK, where nicotine levels in e-cigarettes were lower than in the United States, found e-cigarettes may be more effective than nicotine patches in quitting smoking (18% vs. 10% , in turn); however, the study found that e-cigarettes were only 20% successful in reducing nicotine levels compared to the 81% effect of nicotine patches.

“Enhancing e-cigarettes, including energy levels, e-liquid content and a wide range of flavors, is appealing to young people, and that makes the design of these products difficult,” Wold said. “While the FDA has issued a policy regarding mint and fruit e-liquids which is known to appeal to young people, for certain types of products, menthol flavored products are still available. In addition, there is no regulatory framework that limits nicotine levels in e-liquids in the United States. Some devices have been found to have nicotine levels of 59 mg / mL. e-liquid up to ≤20 mg / mL, which is equivalent to nicotine in the stomach. one cigarette.

The announcement recommends the following to reduce or prevent youth vaping:

  • Remove all flavored e-cigarettes from the market, including menthol e-cigarettes;
  • Provide additional education to young people and their parents about the validity and potential health risks of smoking;
  • Introduce a vaping curriculum for medical students to inform the next generation of health professionals;
  • Ensure clinical access, vaping prevention programs for adolescents and adults;
  • Design e-cigarette marketing in traditional, online and popular social media platforms youth; same to you
  • Incorporate e-cigarettes into smokeless smoke laws.

A new study shows the dissatisfaction of young people around the world is low


Learn more:
Effects of Vaping Heart Attack in Adolescents: A Scientific Report from the American Heart Association, Physical Complaint Review (2022). DOI: 10.1161 / RES.0000000000000544

hint: Action needed to reduce e-cigarette use among young people to reduce the risk of life-threatening CVD (2022, June 21) restored 21 June 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-06-action-e -cigarette-adolescents- life – cvd.html

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