Polish archaeologists have discovered the remains of a 41,500-year-old pendant made of mammoth ivory and adorned with puncture marks. This is the oldest jewel decorated by modern humans on the Eurasian continent.
The pendant is currently divided into two parts and was discovered during an archaeological excavation in Poland’s Stadinia Cave in 2010.Recent radiocarbon dating dates back about 41,500 years, a team of scientists reported in a paper published online Thursday (November 25). Science report..
“The decoration of the pendant contained more than 50 puncture marks with irregular loop curves and two complete holes,” the team said in a statement.They pointed out that each puncture could represent a successful animal hunt or cycle. Month Or the sun.
“It’s the oldest known [jewelry] That kind of thing in Eurasia, it establishes a new start date for traditions that are directly related to modern dissemination. Homo sapiens In Europe, “researchers write in their studies.
The pendant is likely to have been hung on someone’s neck, but it’s not certain, said Sala Taramo, principal investigator. Chemistry He is a professor at the University of Bologna in Italy and specializes in humans. evolution And radiocarbon dating.
Researchers said the pendant was created anatomically when modern humans were first developing jewelry and other forms of body ornaments around the world. Tarama said that why humans began using gems at this time is a mystery that researchers are trying to understand.
“this is [a] It’s a very good question, but I can’t say much at this point, “Taramo told Live Science via email. Homo sapiens Shape such a wonderful object. “
In addition to the pendant, an awl, a tool used to pierce objects, was discovered in 2010 near the wreckage of the pendant.Awl horse Bones and dates are about the same time as the pendant.
The Stajinia Cave was a hotspot for archaeological discoveries. In the excavation survey from 2006 to 2010, Neanderthal ((((Homo Neanderthals) Remaining, and recent vast crowds Pleistocene era (2.58 million to 11,700 years ago) Grassland tundra animals remain, Paleolithic or relics from the Stone Age..
Research on newly described artifacts is underway.
Originally published in Live Science.
41,500-year-old ivory pendant may be oldest human-decorated jewelry in Eurasia Source link 41,500-year-old ivory pendant may be oldest human-decorated jewelry in Eurasia